地理科学 ›› 2006, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 449-454.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2006.04.449

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北漫川漫岗黑土区浅沟和切沟发生的地貌临界模型探讨

胡刚1,2, 伍永秋2, 刘宝元2,3, 张永光2, 魏欣2,3   

  1. 1. 济南大学城市发展学院, 山东 济南 250002;
    2. 北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部 重点实验室, 北京 100875;
    3. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感学院, 北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2005-05-12 修回日期:2005-09-22 出版日期:2006-07-20 发布日期:2006-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40235056)、教育部博士点基金(20030027015);国家自然科学基金面上项目(40071080)共同资助。

Geomorphic Threshold Model for Ephemeral Gully Incision in Rolling Hills with Black Soil in Northeast China

HU Gang1,2, WU Yong-Qiu2, LIU Bao-Yuan2,3, ZHANG Yong-Guang2, WEI Xin2,3   

  1. 1. School of City Development, Jinan University, Jinan, Shandong 250000;
    2. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875;
    3. College of Geography and Remote Sensing, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
  • Received:2005-05-12 Revised:2005-09-22 Online:2006-07-20 Published:2006-07-20

摘要: 对东北漫川漫岗黑土区进行实地测量及地形图量算,推求出临界模型,校验了Moore的沟蚀发生公式。研究发现,该区浅沟发生的临界阈值和指数参数分别为0.0631和-0.4643,切沟发生的两参数分别为0.1161和-0.4457。同时发现Moore的沟蚀预测公式在该研究区并不适用。通过与野外实测浅沟和切沟发生位置对比,临界模型预测的沟蚀位置较好地反映了野外实际状况。

Abstract: The theory of geomorphic threshold has been widely applied in study of predicting the area of ephemeral gully incision. Based on the measurement in field and relief map, this paper got the coefficient (a) and (b) in threshold model S=aA-b (where S is local slope, A is upslope drainage area), and verified whether the gully incision formula used by Moore is suitable in study area. The analysis showed that the threshold value (a) and exponent coefficient (b) are 0.1161 and -0.4457 respectively for gully, 0.0631 and -0.4643 respectively for ephemeral gully; and that gully incision formula used by Moore is not suitable in study area. Compared with the distribution of ephemeral gully in field, it is found that the prone area predicted by threshold model is fairly well consistent with the actual ephemeral gully distribution. Meanwhile, it was found that the bigger the bvalue in threshold model, the more unsusceptible the prone area to the change of threshold value, vice versa, which is approved by the prone area of gully incision. These provide primary design guidance for local soil and water conservation.

中图分类号: 

  • S157/TP79