地理科学 ›› 2006, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (5): 520-528.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2006.05.520

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

广东城市国际化发展的水平与过程研究

薛德升1, 孙丽萍1,2, 李志刚1   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广东 广州 510275;
    2. 青岛市城市规划设计研究院, 山东 青岛 266071
  • 收稿日期:2005-11-18 修回日期:2006-07-14 出版日期:2006-09-20 发布日期:2006-09-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40471039)资助。

Level and Process of Urban Internationalization in Guangdong Province, China

XUE De-Sheng1, SUN Li-Ping1,2, LI Zhi-Gang1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275;
    2. Qingdao Urban Planning & Design Research Institute, Qingdao, Shandong 266071
  • Received:2005-11-18 Revised:2006-07-14 Online:2006-09-20 Published:2006-09-20

摘要: 首先建立了衡量城市国际化水平的综合指标体系,对改革开放以来广东省21个地级(或以上)城市1985、1990、1995、2000、2003年等5个主要年份国际化水平进行了统计分析,探讨了城市国际化的变化过程,归纳出了城市国际化发展的三种类型。研究表明:近20年来广东省所有城市的国际化水平均在不断提高,可见国际化不是少数世界城市或全球城市的独有现象。国际化水平的提高不是一个线性过程,大部分城市会出现波动和反复。

Abstract: This is an empirical study about urban internationalization. The development of global city or international city in China has been debated for nearly a decade. Nevertheless, few researchers have ever shed light on the outcome of such strategies. As a case study, this paper examines the level and process of urban internationalization in Guangdong Province, the most opening region of China. The paper firstly builds a comprehensive indicator system to evaluate the level of urban internationalization. All indicators are divided into core and basic types according to their implication upon the process of internationalization. Second, based upon the quantitative data from multi-channels such as Statistical Yearbook, it calculates the international levels of 21 cities in the years of 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2003 in Guangdong Province, showing the change of urban internationalization levels of these cities during last two decades. According to the quantitative analysis, all the 21 cities are divided into three categories: rapidly growing group, continually slowly growing group and fluctuating group. This indicates that although all such cities have undertaken policies of open-door and internationalization, the extent of changes are by no means the same. In addition, both qualitative and quantitative methods are used to uncover the underlying mechanisms. Socio-economic as well as cultural and historical factors of the cities are examined. On the basis of the study, three conclusions are found. First, after two decades of market reforming, the internationalization level of the cities in Guangdong Province have largely increased. Although none of such cities are truly so-called global city, they are undergoing unprecedented restructuring closely related to global forces. As such, the strategy of open-door has successfully developed a system of globalizing cities in the region. Also, this indicates that internationalization/globalization has tremendous impact on cities on the lower level of the global city hierarchy. Second, the internationalization development is not the only phenomena of the so called Word City and Global City. Rather, it is a widespread process in nearly every city in the world. Even more, the extent of impact by internationalization upon cities is rooted in the regional context of such globalizing cities. It is highlighted that historical, political and cultural factors are significantly factors underlying the process. Different cities have undertaken varied channels to raise their status on the hierarchy of globalizing cities. Third, it is found that the change of urban internationalization is not a linear growing process, but a fluctuating process with occasional growth and decline for most cities. This shows that the process of internationalization is complicated. The level of urban internationalization is not only a result of forces oversea, but also the result of the local variables including both geographical and social conditions.

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1