地理科学 ›› 2006, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 693-699.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2006.06.693

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西藏扎布耶盐湖水位波动规律初探

齐文, 郑绵平   

  1. 1. 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所, 北京 100037;
    2. 中国地质科学院盐湖资源与环境开放研究实验室, 北京 100037
  • 收稿日期:2005-07-15 修回日期:2005-11-13 出版日期:2006-11-20 发布日期:2006-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    科技部公益性基础研究项目(2001DIA10020)、 国家自然科学基金重点项目(49833010)资助。

Time-serial Analyses of Water Level Fluctuation of Zabuye Salt Lake, Tibet

QI Wen, ZHENG Mian-Ping   

  1. 1. Institute of Mineral Deposits, Chinese Academy of Geological Science, Beijing 100037;
    2. Open Laboratory of Saline Lake Resources and Environment, Chinese Academy of Geological Science, Beijing 100037
  • Received:2005-07-15 Revised:2005-11-13 Online:2006-11-20 Published:2006-11-20

摘要: 文章探讨扎布耶北湖1991年1月至2003年12月水位变化的季节性波动、长期变化和周期变动的规律。该湖水位的季节性波动在1991~1996年表现为单峰模式,高水位出现于4月,由冰雪与冻土融水补给引起;1997~2003年表现为双峰模式,高水位分别出现在4月和8~9月(雨季),反映近年来气温上升和降水增加的影响。数学模型表明水位波动表现出8.2年的周期,幅度达0.48 m。1991~2003年水位共上升0.25 m,但大多数年份表现出平均0.06~0.08 m/a下降趋势,1998~1999年的水位上涨是水位由单峰模式变为双峰模式转折点。

Abstract: There are many lakes in the northern Tibetan Plateau, but no lake water level records, except Zabuye Salt Lake, where a long-term field observatory station was established in 1990 by Open Laboratory of Saline Lake Water Resources and Environment, Chinese Academy of Geological Science, and water level was recorded monthly. This is the first time we publish the observing data of the water level fluctuation. According to the lake level records from January 1991 to December 2003, we established a time-serial model for the water level fluctuation of Zabuye Salt Lake, Tibet, and studied the long-term trend, seasonal fluctuation and cycles of the water level changes. Our research reveals that the seasonal fluctuation of the water level during 1991-1996 shows a monomodal pattern, indicating the prominent influence of the thaw of frozen soil and snow/glaciers on the water level, and the water level fluctuation during 1997-2003 shows a bimodal pattern, indicating the increasing influence of the rising air temperature and precipitation in addition to the recharge of thawing water of frozen soil and snow/glaciers in these years. The cyclic period of water level changes is 8.2 years, which is synchronous with the sunspot cycle. The water level generally rose 0.25 m during 1991-2003, but in many of the years the water level showed a long-term trend of dropping by 0.06-0.08 m per year, only in 1992,1997 and 1998 did the water level rise rapidly by 0.18 m per year. The very strong ENSO event occurring during 1997-1998 marked a turn from the monomodal to bimodal pattern of the seasonal water level fluctuation.

中图分类号: 

  • X143