地理科学 ›› 2007, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 617-623.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2007.05.617

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

欧美经济地理学的三个发展方向

苗长虹   

  1. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心 河南大学环境与规划学院 河南 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2006-11-16 修回日期:2007-04-05 出版日期:2007-09-20 发布日期:2007-09-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40671049、40535025,40071029)资助

Three Approaches in Contemporary Economic Geographies

MIAO Chang-Hong   

  1. Research center of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development and College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng, 475001
  • Received:2006-11-16 Revised:2007-04-05 Online:2007-09-20 Published:2007-09-20

摘要: 经济地理学是在与经济学的交融中创新、发展的。基于经济学发展中的三个重要流派:新古典主义、制度主义和演化主义,经济地理学在新世纪将进入前所未有的纷争时代——新古典经济地理学、制度主义经济地理学和演化经济地理学三足鼎立的"三国时代"。在对经济学领域的这三大流派基本特征分析的基础上,探讨了欧美经济地理学领域这三个发展方向各自的理论出发点及其异同,进而分析了其竞争、合作和创新的基本途径以及对中国经济地理学发展的借鉴意义。

Abstract: Economic geography has close relationship with economics and there are three frontier approaches in contemporary economic geography which are founded on three approaches of economics: neoclassical,institutional and evolutionary economics.Based on neoclassical economics,’new economic geography’ or’geographical economics’ is bringing the’geographical turn’ back into economics and has attracting many scholars’ attention,both in modern mainstream economics and in geographical sciences.Meanwhile,with the perspectives of institutional economics and other social sciences,the "institutional turn" and "cultural turn" have transformed mainstream economic geography into a more interdisciplinary approach.Recently,the rise of evolutionary economics in mainstream economics is bringing a new approach named as "evolutionary economic geography" to geographical sciences.Although mainstream economics and geography have largely developed separately,those three approaches of’new economic geographies’ will bring a new stage to the innovation and development of contemporary economic geography from the "Quantitative and theoretical revolution" and the "Marxism turn" onwards.This paper introduces the fundamental principals of neoclassical,institutional and evolutionary approaches in economics and explores their effects on the directions of development of contemporary economic geography.We should think much of the great differences between neoclassical,institutional and evolutionary economic geographies,but they also have many commonalities and great complementarities to explain various formal and substantive spaces,so the competition and cooperation between them should be the important direction of developing contemporary economic geographies.

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9