地理科学 ›› 2007, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 730-735.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2007.05.730

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从概念到立法:中国战略环境评价的回顾与展望

包存宽, 舒廷飞   

  1. 同济大学环境科学与工程学院 联合国环境规划署-同济大学环境与可持续发展学院 长江水环境教育部重点实验室 上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2006-05-08 修回日期:2006-10-13 出版日期:2007-09-20 发布日期:2007-09-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家“十五”科技攻关课题(2003BA614A-1-5)资助

Retrospect and Prospect of SEA in China:From Conception to Legislation

BAO Cun-Kuan, SHU Ting-Fei   

  1. College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering of Tongji University, UNEP-TJU Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development, Key Laboratory of Yangtze Aquatic Envronment(Tongji University) of Ministry of Education, Shanghai 200092
  • Received:2006-05-08 Revised:2006-10-13 Online:2007-09-20 Published:2007-09-20

摘要: 总结了国内10年来SEA在理论研究、技术方法、实践、管理制度等方面的成果、经验、存在问题,最后指出SEA的发展趋势与建议,包括建立覆盖决策链所有环节、贯穿决策全过程的环境评价体系,基于强化规划环评与生态规划的联系提出构建相辅相成的规划与评价体系的建议,以及将SEA作为促进决策的民主化与科学化、全面落实可持续发展战略的重要手段等。

Abstract: China had spent 10 years since 1995 to build its strategic environmental assessment(SEA) system from conception to legislation.This paper concludes the outcomes,experiences and problems in researching on theories,methods and techniques,practices and management system of SEA and/or SEA for planning/program level in China firstly.Then it prospects the future SEA in China and gives some proposals including to build a complete EIA system covering all sections and the whole process of strategic decision-making,and strengthen the relationship between SEA and ecological planning(EP).The systems of both SEA and EP should be built under this framework,and SEA should be used as an important measure for promoting decision-making more democratic and scientific and finalizing sustainable development strategies.

中图分类号: 

  • X821