地理科学 ›› 2007, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 801-807.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2007.06.801

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

近40年来塔里木河流域旱涝的气候变化

李红军1,2, 江志红1, 魏文寿2   

  1. 1. 南京信息工程大学, 江苏, 南京, 210044;
    2. 中国气象局乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所, 新疆, 乌鲁木齐, 830002
  • 收稿日期:2006-07-10 修回日期:2006-12-11 出版日期:2007-11-20 发布日期:2007-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    科技部公益项目(2005DIB6J113,2004DIB3J118);国家自然科学基金(40775019)共同资助

Drought and Flood Change of Tarim River Basin in Recent 40 years

LI Hong-Jun1,2, JIANG Zhi-Hong1, WEI Wen-Shou2   

  1. 1. Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210044;
    2. Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830002
  • Received:2006-07-10 Revised:2006-12-11 Online:2007-11-20 Published:2007-11-20

摘要: 以Mann-Kendall检验、z指数变换、最大熵谱和气候趋势系数方法分析塔里木河流域降水突变、旱涝等级、旱涝周期与趋势的时空变化。结果表明:近40年来,流域各段的降水量都有增加的趋势,且存在突变,从源流区至下游突变时间依次提前;20世纪60年代流域干旱多,旱情较重;70~80年代中期属于转换期,出现旱情和涝情较重;80年代后期以后干旱明显减少,雨涝居多,涝情重;90年代中期以来,下游趋势与其余区域不同;准3年周期是流域各段最重要的变化周期。近40年来,上游变湿显著,源流区和中游不显著,下游有微弱变湿趋势;NAO对中上游旱涝影响显著,对全流域影响较大。

Abstract: Based on the monthly precipitation of 13 stations in the Tarim River Basin between Apri1 and September from 1961 to 2001,the mann-Kendall method was used to test the abrupt change of precipitation,the Z index,the Maximum entropy transformation and climatic tendency coefficient were used to calculate the grads,cycle and tendency of drought-flood.The results show:(1)the precipitation of source area,upper,middle and lower reaches increased in different periods,and the abrupt changes occurred in the every increase process,the abrupt change time is more and more earlier from source area to the lower reaches,the time was in 1990,1975,1973 and 1969.(2)The drought was frequent and serious in the 1960s,the times of drought decreased and times of flood increased from the 1970s to the middle of the 1980s,while these droughts and floods were serious.The times of drought decreased obviously while the times of flood was dominant from the later period of the 1980s to earlier period of the 1990s,the flood was dominant and most serious,while drought was less and light.Since the middle of the 1990s,the increase of flood was main in source area,upper reaches and middle reaches,but the flood was becoming light in these areas,while the variation of lower reaches was different from the others,its times of flood decreased,while its times of drought increased and drought was becoming serious.(3)The cycles of drought-flood are 2.5 years and 13.3 years in source area,40 years,6.7 years and 2.5 years in the upper reaches,10 and 2.7 years in the middle reaches,2.4 years,6.7 years and 3.3 years in the lower reaches.The tendency of drought-flood was becoming wet,the test show that the tendency was prominent in the upper reaches,faint in the lower reaches and not obvious in the middle reaches.(4)The NAO′s impact on drought-flood is remarkable in the upper reaches and the middle reaches.

中图分类号: 

  • P461