地理科学 ›› 2008, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 22-28.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2008.01.22

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市化过程中水资源利用保护问题探索——以长江下游若干城市为例

姚士谋1, 陈爽1, 年福华2, 张雷3, 冯长春4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 江苏, 南京 210008;
    2. 苏州科技学院城市与环境学系, 江苏, 苏州 215011;
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    4. 北京大学城市与资源学系, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2006-03-10 修回日期:2006-11-28 出版日期:2008-01-20 发布日期:2008-01-20
  • 作者简介:姚士谋(1940- ),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市地理、生态规划与区域经济发展。E-mail:yaoshimou@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40535026);国家自然基金面上项目(40571055)资助。

Utilization & Protection of Water Resources during Urbanization

YAO Shi-Mou1, CHEN Shuang1, NIAN Fu-Hua2, ZHANG Lei3, FENG Chang-Chun4   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008;
    2. Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, University of Science and Technology of Suzhou, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215011;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101;
    4. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871
  • Received:2006-03-10 Revised:2006-11-28 Online:2008-01-20 Published:2008-01-20

摘要: 在全球经济一体化的新形势下,工业化与城市化过程加快,超大城市与城市化走廊不断扩展,尤其在发展中国家和亚洲地区。但在城市化过程中,由于人们缺乏科学发展观,片面追求社会经济效益,追求经济发展增长速度,忽视了生态环境的保护,尤其是对水资源的合理利用与保护。对长江下游经济发达地区一些重点城市,尤其是苏锡常地区与长江口的水质、水体保护与污染状况和城市化发展的相关问题曾作过深入调查分析;就地区的城市化特点、城市化过程、水资源利用管理以及合理保护水资源的问题作一些分析研究,试图探索中国经济发达区域城市化过程中水资源利用保护的新路子,特别对长江下游地区城市工业、产业结构调整和坚持走新型工业化道路提出了和谐发展的办法和模式,对本区的可持续发展具有重要的现实意义,为构建中国和谐社会作出努力。

Abstract: In the current phase of the global economic incorporation, the speed of the industrialization and urbanization is growing, and the metropolis and residentialization corridor is expanding increasing, especially in the developing countries and Asian area. But during the urbanization, the protection of the environment, especially protecting and making good use of water resoucers, is ignored because lack of the scientific outlook on development, merely aiming at economic benefit and the increasing speed of GDP per capita. This paper discusses the characters and processes of the urbanization, the utilization and management of the water resources and how to protect the water resources in the lower Changjiang River valley through investigating some important cities deeply, especially the problems of water body pollution, protection and urbanization process in the area of Suzhou-Wuxi-Changzhou and the Changjiang River mouth are deeply investigated and analysized. At last some new methods about how to utilize and protect the water resources during the urbanization in the developed area are put forward in order to be used in the construction of the harmonious society. The methods and models of the harmonious development about the urban industrial structure adjustments and new industrialization road in the downstream area of Changjiang River are proposed particularly, which will benefit for sustainable development in this area.

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9