地理科学 ›› 2008, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 407-411.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2008.03.407

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河包头段常见离子对重金属在沉积物上吸附影响机制研究

薛红喜1,2, 何江2, 樊庆云2, 吕昌伟2, 孙英2, 梁英2, 白萨茹莉2, 沈丽丽2   

  1. 1. 中国气象局大气探测技术中心, 北京 100081;
    2. 内蒙古大学生态与环境科学系, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010021
  • 收稿日期:2007-04-06 修回日期:2007-10-21 出版日期:2008-05-20 发布日期:2008-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 何 江,教授。E-mail: ndjhe@imu.edu.cn E-mail:ndjhe@imu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:薛红喜(1978- ), 男, 山西河津人, 工程师,博士, 主要从事环境地球化学研究、大气探测技术。E-mail: xue-hongxi@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40363001)资助。

Impacts of Common Ions on Adsorption Mechanism of Heavy Metal in the Sediments from Baotou Section of Huanghe River, China

XUE Hong-Xi1,2, HE Jiang2, FAN Qing-Yun2, LÜ Chang-Wei2, SUN Ying2, LIANG Ying2, BAI Sa-Ru-Li2, SHEN Li-Li2   

  1. 1. Atmospheric Observation Technology Center of China Meteorolgocal Administration, Beijing 100081;
    2. Department of Ecology and Environment Science, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010021
  • Received:2007-04-06 Revised:2007-10-21 Online:2008-05-20 Published:2008-05-20

摘要: 常见阴阳离子对重金属在黄河包头段相对清洁河段表层沉积物中的吸附影响研究结果表明,不同的环境离子浓度范围内,起主导作用的影响机制不同,黄河包头段水环境中Na+、Mg2+和Ca2+对Zn2+的吸附影响较大,K+对Cu2+、Pb2+、Zn2+和 Cd2+吸附影响均较大, Cl-、SO42-对Cu2+、Pb2+、Zn2+和 Cd2+的吸附影响均较小,而HCO3-对Pb2+的影响较小,对Cu2+、Zn2+、Cd2+的吸附影响较大。

Abstract: Taking the surface sediments from the clear reach in Baotou section of the Huanghe(Yellow) River as the adsorbent, the heavy metal adsorption mechanism and affecting factor caused by ions of natural water on particulate was studied in this paper. According to the results obtained from the experiment, the affecting mechanism of heavy metal adsorption on particulate can be as follows: (1) the adsorption and disadsorpiton capacities of the heavy metal increased with the increasing of the ionic strength which caused the compress of electric double layer on mineral and reduced activity of heavy metal. As a result, there always is re-equilibrium between adsorption and disadsorption; (2) the additive cations have the competitive adsorption to the heavy metals when the cations and the heavy metals have the similar structure or physicochemical properties; (3) the heavy metal complexations caused by the anion lead to decreasing of the ionic activity and the valence state of the heavy metals, and effect on physical adsorption of the heavy metals caused by electrostatic pull. Generally, in slight acidic environment, the mineral with positive charge will adsorb the anion, and then cause the increasing of the adsorption of the heavy metals by complexations with the anion. As an important conclusion, the heavy metals into the water are affected by different adsorption and disadsorption mechanisms, and there are different dominant mechanisms in different ion concentration ranges.

中图分类号: 

  • X131.2