地理科学 ›› 2008, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 513-517.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2008.04.513

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河三角洲土地利用/覆盖变化的微地貌区域分异

汪小钦1, 王钦敏1, 励惠国1,2, 刘高焕2   

  1. 1. 福州大学空间数据挖掘与信息共享教育部重点实验室 福州大学福建省空间信息工程 研究中心, 福建福州 350002;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2007-06-16 修回日期:2007-10-09 出版日期:2008-07-20 发布日期:2008-07-20
  • 作者简介:汪小钦(1972- ),女,福建古田人,博士,副研究员,主要研究方向为遥感图像处理方法研究和资源环境遥感应用。E-mail:wangxq@fzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家863计划项目 (2001AA633010)、教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-05-0573)资助。

Spatial Pattern of LUCC in Different Micro-geomorphic Types of Huanghe River Delta

WANG Xiao-Qin1, WANG Qin-Min1, LI Hui-Guo1,2, LIU Gao-Huan2   

  1. 1. Key Lab. of Spatial Data Mining & Information Sharing of Ministry of Education, Spatial Information Research Center of Fujian Province, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002;
    2. LREIS, Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2007-06-16 Revised:2007-10-09 Online:2008-07-20 Published:2008-07-20

摘要: 黄河三角洲有岗阶地、河滩地、河成高地、平地、低洼地和滩涂地6种微地貌类型。1984~2001年间一直没有变化的土地利用/覆盖类型在各微地貌类型中所占的比例不同,未变化的土地利用/覆盖主要分布在平地。岗阶地土地利用/覆盖类型最为稳定,以耕地为主,但面积总体在减少;河滩地土地利用/覆盖类型多样,分布比较复杂,变化最大;河成高地、平地和低洼地发生变化的面积占2/3左右,耕地所占的比例均是最大的,其面积总体上不断减少;滩涂地的土地利用/覆盖类型以滩涂为主,随着人们对滩涂的开发利用,滩涂所占比例迅速减少。

Abstract: Geomorphic type is one of the primary factors for the spatial pattern and the change speed of land use and land cover. Based on the land use and land cover data acquired in 1984, 1986, 1991, 1996 and 2001 of the Huanghe (Yellow) River delta, the land use and land cover changes were analyzed according to different micro-geomorphic types. There are six types of micro-geomorphic types in the river delta, which are terrace uplands, present flood plain, abandoned river courses, embanked former back swamps, isolated depressions and tidal flats. In the 17 years from 1984 to 2001, the proportion of unchanged land use and land cover was 30.04%. The largest unchanged land use was arable land, whose proportion to the all unchanged land use area was 57.49%; the second was tidal flat, whose proportion was 12.6%; the third was unused land, whose proportion was 10.57%; the fourth was residential area, whose proportion was 9.38%. The areas of unchanged land use and land cover from 1984 to 2001 were variable in different micro-geomorphic types. The unchanged land use and land cover lay mainly in embanked former back swamps. More than 50% of unchanged arable land, unused land and grass land were in embanked former back swamps. The change range and speed of land use and land cover were different in each micro-geomorphic type. In terrace uplands, the land use and land cover was most stable, the preponderant land use type was arable land, whose areas was about 80%. But its area decreases as a whole. In present flood plain, the land use and land cover types became more various, and land use and land cover changed most rapidly. In abandoned river courses, embanked former back swamps and isolated depressions, the area of changed land use/land covers was about 2/3, the dominating land use and land cover type was arable land, but the area continually decreased, which mainly changed to residential areas and water body. The areas of unused land and vegetable land cover changed only a little. In tidal flats, the tidal area decreased rapidly with the economic development. In 1984, the tidal area was 72.16%, but in 2001, there was only 36%. Most of the tidal area was developed to aquaculture area. The water body was 2 204 ha in 1984, 4 475 ha in 1991 and increased to 30 346 ha in 2001.

中图分类号: 

  • P967