地理科学 ›› 2008, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 537-542.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2008.04.537

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

淮河流域水稻的气候适宜度及其变化趋势分析

俞芬, 千怀遂, 段海来   

  1. 广州大学地理科学学院, 广东 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2007-10-15 修回日期:2008-02-08 出版日期:2008-07-20 发布日期:2008-07-20
  • 作者简介:俞 芬(1982- ),女,浙江湖州人,硕士研究生,主要从事全球气候变化和地理信息系统应用等方面的研究。E-mail:helloyufen@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金"基于生态适宜度理论的淮河流域农业气候风险评估"(40771033)资助。

Climate Suitability of Rice and Its Changes in Huaihe Watershed

YU Fen, QIAN Huai-Sui, DUAN Hai-Lai   

  1. College of Geographical Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006
  • Received:2007-10-15 Revised:2008-02-08 Online:2008-07-20 Published:2008-07-20

摘要: 淮河流域40个县(市)区水稻日照适宜度、降水适宜度与气候适宜度均呈下降趋势。分析淮河流域水稻温度、降水、日照和气候适宜度的区域差异,将淮河流域分为最适宜区、适宜性区、次适宜区。综合降水、日照、温度三因素,将淮河流域水稻气候适宜度分为分成淮北最适宜区、淮南最适宜区、淮河沿岸适宜区和西部山地次适宜区,分析各区水稻适宜度年际变化规律,结果表明:各区的水稻气候适宜度均呈逐渐下降趋势。

Abstract: The interannual change of the sunshine suitability, the precipitation suitability and the climate suitability of rice in 40 counties of Huaihe Watershed are decreasing every year. The article analyzes the difference of the sunshine suitability, the precipitation suitability and the temperature suitability of rice in Huaihe Watershed, then divides Huaihe Watershed into three sub-regions: the highest suitability region, the suitability region, the low suitability region. Synthesizing the factors of temperature, sunshine and precipitation, the four types of climatic suitability of rice in Huaihe Watershed are divided: the north watershed highest suitability region, the south watershed highest suitability region, the central watershed suitability region, the northwest mountainous area low suitability region. Then the article analyses the interannual climate suitability change of rice at these regions. The result shows that the climate suitabilities of rice at these regions are decreasing gradually.

中图分类号: 

  • S162.5+3