地理科学 ›› 2008, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 649-655.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2008.05.649

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于空间分析的史前郑洛地区连续文化聚落研究

毕硕本1, 闾国年2, 陈济民3   

  1. 1. 南京信息工程大学 计算机学院 江苏 南京 210044, ;
    2. 南京师范大学 地理科学学院 江苏 南京 210097, ;
    3. 黄河勘测规划设计公司 测绘信息工程院 河南 郑州 450045
  • 收稿日期:2007-10-14 修回日期:2008-04-13 出版日期:2008-09-20 发布日期:2008-09-20
  • 作者简介:毕硕本(1965- ),男,山东昌邑人,教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向:地理信息系统,空间数据挖掘,计算智能。Email:bishuoben@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后基金项目(2005037743)、江苏省博士后基金项目(0501019B)、江苏省教育厅计划先导项目(05KJD170109)。

Prehistoric Continuous Culture Settlements about Zhengzhou-Luoyang region Based on Spatial Analysis

BI Shuo-Ben1, LU Guonian2, CHEN Jimin3   

  1. 1. School of Computer Science, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210044;
    2. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210097;
    3. Institute of Mapping Information Engineering, Yellow River Engineering Consulting CO., Ltd., Zhengzhou, Henan 450045
  • Received:2007-10-14 Revised:2008-04-13 Online:2008-09-20 Published:2008-09-20

摘要: 运用空间分析方法,对郑洛地区的史前聚落位置与河流关系的距离进行分析,可知郑洛地区史前四个文化时期60%以上的聚落遗址都在水系4 km半径的缓冲区之内。对该地区四个文化时期聚落遗址的高程分析,发现大部分聚落遗址的高程位于100 m到400 m之间,而高程值小于100 m的遗址点不足10%,并且四个文化时期遗址的平均高程值都在280 m左右。对该地区史前四个文化时期的聚落数量进行增长分析,得出了郑洛地区聚落数量具有由早到晚呈几何状不断攀升的趋势。

Abstract: Appling the spatial analysis to the distances of prehistoric settlement sites of Zhengzhou-Luoyang region, we can find that more than 60% settlement sites of the four culture phases are located about 4km to the water system.This means that the selection strategy for habitation is near by the rivers in order to get the plentiful water and convenience transportation in prehistoric society.By analyzing the elevation of the sites of the settlement groups in different culture phases, the most elevation of the settlement sites is among 100 to 400m, and the number of sites whose elevation is lower than 100m is less than 10%.What is more, the average elevation of the settlement sites in 4 different culture phases is about 280m.This illuminates that the selection for elevation of habitation area has some qualification in prehistoric society.It is, the elevation of habitation area is very high, then the living and transportation condition is not convenience; but the elevation of habitation area is quite low, then the danger of floodwater is extraordinary big.The numbers of the settlements went up in a geometrical way from the early ages to the later times using time sequence analysis.In a word, using the case of the prehistoric settlement sites in Zhengzhou-Luoyang region, analyzing the relationship of settlement sites and its entironment features, and by means of spatial analysis method, the research finds the spatial distribution rules of settlement sites, discloses the core problem in geography, the relationship of the people and the earth, and illuminates the laws in the course of historical evolution.The research confirms that the spatial analysis method is a feasible and valid method for the settlement archaeology research.

中图分类号: 

  • P208