地理科学 ›› 2009, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 825-832.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2009.06.825

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

近10年来大连城市居住小区时空变动与演化模式

许妍1,2, 李雪铭3, 高俊峰1, 郭建科3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 江苏南京 210008;
    2. 中国科学院 研究生院, 北京 100049;
    3. 辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院, 辽宁大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2009-04-16 修回日期:2009-06-19 出版日期:2009-11-20 发布日期:2009-11-20
  • 作者简介:许妍(1981- ),女,辽宁营口人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市资源环境与区域生态安全。E-mail:xuyandlls@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40781087);辽宁省教育厅创新团队项目(2009T059)资助。

Research on Dynamic Changes and Evolution Model of Urban Residential Quarter of Dalian in Past Ten Years

XU Yan1,2, LI Xue-ming3, GAO Jun-feng1, GUO Jian-ke3   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008;
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049;
    3. Urban and Environment College, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning 116029
  • Received:2009-04-16 Revised:2009-06-19 Online:2009-11-20 Published:2009-11-20

摘要: 城市化进程的加快和房地产业的快速发展使居住小区时空复杂性日益突出,居民的择居行为和居住区位都在不断地发生变化。依据统计资料,结合实地调查和电话访查收集到1998~2006年大连城市居住小区的相关数据,运用GIS的空间分析功能,从实证与定量分析角度揭示出大连城市居住小区10年来的时空演化分为快速增长、缓慢调整和井喷式膨胀三个阶段;在趋向于城市边缘、沿交通干线、自然资源优美地区布局与临近高新技术园区、大学园区布局四种区位指向性下,居住小区的空间演化模式呈现出圈层外溢、扇面拓展和组团聚集三种模式。

Abstract: The expansion of urban residential space is a continuously dynamic process, and displays different spatial characteristic in the different stage of urban development.Along with the rapid development of urbanization and real estate, the temporal-spatial complexity of residential quarter is prominent day by day, and residents’behavior of choose residence place and residential location are constantly changing.First, based on statistical information, combining with the field surveys and telephone visits collects the relevant data of urban residential quarter from 1998 to 2006;using spatial analysis function reveals the time-space evolution of urban residential quarter in the last ten years from empirical and quantitative angle;the process of evolution could be classified into three stages:rapid growth, slowly adjustment, and expansion of blowout type.The former two stages, residential space expansion takes the release of rigidity demand on the initial marketability and the guidance of transportation infrastructure construction as the main driving force, the town center plot is a mainstream, and in the later period the obvious residential quarter suburbanization phenomenon appears.On the third stage, as the non-native population gradually increases, the transportation network gradually improves and the private vehicle massive emergences, the expansion of residential quarter is faster than infrastructure construction, the community environment and the natural landscape become the most important factor of the residential quarter layout, the suburbanization become the mainstream.Second, the article analyzes the "location direction" rule which is followed by the characteristic of space-time dynamic change.The development of residential quarter is influenced by the location condition, the region infrastructure condition (transportation, education, health and so on), the environment condition (nature, society, humanities environment) and presents different location directions.Dalian mainly has following four kinds of situation:the urban fringe layout, traffic road layout, and approaching hi-tech garden and natural resources layout as well as near university layout.At last, Dalian is the city which develops unceasingly along the harbor, and is limited by multi-mountain terrains;the residential space expands along the old city with circle structure while spreads to city fringe area, meanwhile depends on the traffic artery to extend to the hinterland in sector and to form the relatively concentrated spatial structure of the residential group.The residential spatial expansion urges the formation of new urban business center, impels city space restructuring.The development of residential space has accelerated the suburbanization of residence and residential space differentiation.

中图分类号: 

  • TU984.12