地理科学 ›› 2010, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 377-383.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2010.03.377

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

福建丹霞地貌旅游景区客流时间分布特性及其影响因素

骆培聪1,2, 张明锋1   

  1. 1. 福建师范大学地理科学学院, 福建 福州 350007;
    2. 福建师范大学旅游学院, 福建 福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2009-07-11 修回日期:2009-11-06 出版日期:2010-05-20 发布日期:2010-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    福建省自然科学基金项目(2009J01209);福建省教育厅科技项目(JB08055)资助。

The Temporal Characteristics of Tourist Flows to Danxia Landform Scenic Spots in Fujian Province and Its Influence Factors

LUO Pei-cong1,2, ZHANG Ming-feng1   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Sciences and Tourism, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350007;
    2. College of Tourism, Fujian Namal University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350007
  • Received:2009-07-11 Revised:2009-11-06 Online:2010-05-20 Published:2010-05-20

摘要: 地处闽西的武夷山、泰宁金湖、连城冠豸山、永安桃源洞等国家重点风景名胜区均属典型的丹霞地貌类型景区,距离较近,开展它们客流时间分布比较研究对各景区旅游业发展具有指导意义。运用小波分析、季节性强度指数、旅游气候舒适度模型等方法,对这4个旅游景区客流时间分布特性及其影响因素进行分析比较。结果表明,2001~2008年每个景区接待游客数量总体上是增加的,武夷山年游客数量最大,泰宁金湖景区客流年际波动辐度较大;武夷山景区客流年内变化曲线为"三峰三谷",泰宁金湖景区为"驼峰",冠豸山、桃源洞景区为"两高峰、两中峰、四低谷",泰宁金湖客流年内变化最大,冠豸山、桃源洞次之,武夷山最小;冠豸山和桃源洞景区客流月内波动要比武夷山、泰宁金湖景区大一些;连城冠豸山周内客流峰值分布在周日,其他景区客流峰值在周六,武夷山黄金周游客接待量最大。并对气候因素、社会因素、景区知名度、对外交通条件、旅游管理体制与管理水平等影响因素进行了分析。

Abstract: All the national key scenic spots of Wuyi Mountain, the Golden Lake of Taining, the Taoyuan Cave of Yong’an, and Guanzhai Mountain in Liancheng, belong to the typical Danxia landform. They are located in west Fujian Province with a short distance between each other. Therefore, it is of great significance to conduct a comparative study on the temporal distribution of tourist flows in the context of sustainable development of these four spots. Using methods such as wavelet analysis, seasonal intensity index, tourism climate comfort model, this paper analyzed and compared the temporal characteristics of tourist flows of the four spots and their influencing factors and obtains the following results: ① The amount of tourists of the four spots increased from 2001 to 2008; the number of tourists of Wuyi Mountain is the largest, and tourist flows to the Golden Lake in Taining is characterized by significant fluctuation between the years;②The seasonal curve of the tourist flow at Wuyi Mountain is characterized by "three peaks and three valleys", the seasonal curve of the tourist flow at the Golden Lake of Taining is characterized by "Camel back", and the seasonal curve of the tourist flow of Guanzhai Mountain and that of Taoyuan Cave of Yong’an are characterized by "two big peaks, two small peaks, and four valleys". The seasonal change of the tourist flow at the Golden Lake in Taining is the most obvious, followed by that of Taoyuan Cave,Guanzhai Mountain, and Wuyi Mountain;③ The fluctuations of the tourist flows within a month at both the Taoyuan Cave and Guanzhai Mountain were larger than that of Wuyi Mountain and the Golden Lake in Taining; ④While the peak of tourist flow of Guanzhai Mountain was on Sunday of the week, such peaks at other spots appears on Saturday, and the tourists number of Wuyi Mountain is the largest in golden weeks. The article also analyzes factors affecting the tourist flows, including climate, popularity, traffic conditions and management system and its standards of the above scenic spots.

中图分类号: 

  • F592.7