地理科学 ›› 2010, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 588-593.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2010.04.588

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

丽江市大气环境特征分析

李宗省1,2, 何元庆1, 张宁宁1,2, 和献中1,2, 张蔚1,2, 曹伟宏1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室/ 丽江站, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2009-10-21 修回日期:2010-01-10 出版日期:2010-07-20 发布日期:2010-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展(973)计划(2007CB411501)、国家自然科学基金项目(40971019)、中国科学院"西部之光"人才培养计划"西部博士资助项目"(O828A11001)、国家自然科学基础人才培养基金冰川学冻土学特殊学科点(J0630966)、中国科学院研究生科技创新与社会实践专项、国家自然科学基金项目(40801028)、中国科学院重要方向性项目(KZCXZ-YW-317)、国家自然科学基金重点项目(90511007)、冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室自主项目、丽江市政府委托项目资助。

Rainwater Chemistry and Its Environmental Significance in a Typical Monsooonal Temperate Glacial Region, China

LI Zong-xing1,2, HE Yuan-qing1, ZHANG Ning-ning1,2, HE Xian-zhong1,2, ZHANG Wei1,2, CHAO Wei-hong1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of CryospHere Science/Lijiang Station, Cold and Arid Region Environment and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000;
    2. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2009-10-21 Revised:2010-01-10 Online:2010-07-20 Published:2010-07-20

摘要: 丽江市1990~2003年SO2、NOx和TSP的平均浓度为0.018、0.013和0.112 mg/m3,SO2和NOx浓度在1998之前为上升阶段,1998年之后为下降阶段。1989~2006年期间降水中年均pH值为6.08,高于酸雨标准值,EC均值为14.2 US/cm;pH值自1994年以来一直处于缓慢上升状态,EC也呈现出缓慢上升趋势。1989~2006年降水中SO42-、NO3-、Cl-、NH4+、Ca2+、Mg2+、Na+、K+、平均浓度值依次为1.57、0.41、0.20、1.14、0.09、0.06、0.13 mg/L。研究证实大气环境状况、气候特征和产业结构转型对丽江降水中离子浓度有重要影响。

Abstract: The mean concentrations of SO2, NOx and TSP are 0.018 mg/m3, 0.013 mg/m3 and 0.112 mg/m3 during 1990-2003 in Lijiang City. The average pH value is 6.08 during 1989-2006, which is lower than the standard of acid rain. The average EC value is 6.08 during 1989-2006, and the increase of EC value accelerated in 1998. The average concentrations of SO42-, NO3-, Cl-, NH4+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ and K+ are 1.57 mg/L, 0.16 mg/L, 0.41 mg/L, 0.20 mg/L, 1.14 mg/L, 0.09 mg/L, 0.06 mg/L and 0.13 mg/L in Lijiang City. The mean concentrations of SO2, NOx and TSP in Lijiang City are lower than those in many cities of China because of the successful transformation of the industrial structure from conventional industries to tourism, characteristically bringing higher economic benefit and less environmental pollution. The variations of SO2 and NOx between 1990 and 2003 reflected this change. Concentrations of anions and cations are out of balance: the mean total anion concentration exceeds the mean total cation concentration. TSP concentrations have been low because Lijiang City is far from the source region of wind-borne sand. A slow increasing trend of pH values between 1990 and 2002 reflected the decline or relocation of primary manufacturing industries, a source of air pollution, as the tourist trade developed rapidly. A decrease of pH values from 2003 probably was a consequence of the sharp increase of coal-burning heating plants and motor vehicles needed to meet the requirements of tourism. Increases of EC and total cation concentrations have accelerated since 1998 as precipitation has decreased. The data from Lijiang City demonstrate the necessity of developing tertiary industry and promoting a better industrial structure in order to improve the quality of the urban atmosphere and to control air pollution in China's cities.

中图分类号: 

  • P402