地理科学 ›› 2010, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 600-605.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2010.04.600

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

郑州市2001~2007年城市扩张过程中城市用地景观特征分析

杨振山1,2,3, 蔡建明1, 文辉4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 荷兰乌特勒支大学城市和区域规划系, 乌特勒支3508TC, 荷兰;
    3. 荷兰国际地理信息科学与地球观测学院 城市区域规划和地理信息管理系, 恩斯赫德7500AA, 荷兰;
    4. 国家发展和改革委员会中国城市和小城镇改革发展中心, 北京100045
  • 收稿日期:2009-10-10 修回日期:2009-12-28 出版日期:2010-07-20 发布日期:2010-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 蔡建明(1961-), 研究员, 博导。 E-mail:caijm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院第三期创新项目"中国城市化过程及典型都市密集区协调发展研究(KZCX2-YW-321)"资助。

Urban Expansion and Landscape Characteristics of Land Use in Zhengzhou City Dring 2001-2007

YANG Zhen-shan1,2,3, CAI Jian-ming1, WEN Hui4   

  1. 1. Department of Human Geography & Urban and Regional Planning, Utrecht University (UU), 3508TC Utrecht, the NL;
    2. Urban and Regional Planning and Geo-Information Management, International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), 7500AA Enschede, the NL;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
    4. China Center for City and Town Reform and Development, NDRC, Beijing 100045
  • Received:2009-10-10 Revised:2009-12-28 Online:2010-07-20 Published:2010-07-20

摘要: 城市用地景观对理解城市扩张过程中土地利用的内部特征及其动态变化具有重要意义。利用2001年Landsat7和2007年Spot4影像,采用人工神经网络方法,提取郑州市土地覆被变化信息;并利用景观指数中的平均斑块面积指数、景观形状指数、平均分维指数和平均连接度指数对土地利用景观沿主要方向进行梯度分析。揭示了城市扩张与土地利用的景观变化是一个过程的两个方面;主要经济发展区已成为城市空间扩张的推动力,在提高平均地块面积和地块连通性方面起到一定积极作用,在距市中心10 km范围内紧凑度提高,整体上松散式和紧凑式扩张并存。

Abstract: Rapid urbanization, especially the speed and scale of the current Chinese urbanization, requires detailed understanding of spatial characteristics of the changing of urban landscape. This has a significant implication for rational and effective urban land use. The purpose of this paper is to derive the information of the landscape change during the spatial expansion of Zhengzhou City during 2001-2007. We detected the change of land cover avail of the remote sensed imageries of Landsat7 ETM and Spot 4. Further, we calculated the landscape matrices of mean patch size, landscape shape index, landscape fragment index, and contiguity index to measure the size of land plots, compactness of the developing, shape and connectivity respectively. In order to show the heterogeneous character of the spatial expansion, the gradient analysis was conducted in the range of 20 km radius centered the place nearby the city center, Erqi Square. The change of detection of land cover illustrated that, during that period, urban land use increased 70.6 km2 at the average annual rate of 4%, and the east, northeast and southeast were the main urban land use directions of urban expansion. The speed of expanding of the east part was nearly as two times as that of west part. The landscape matrix analysis showed that the size of land parcels increased in general, yet with a great variation. Generally, the change of landscape and urban expansion are correlated. The areas with economic-spatial driver such as the Zhengdong Xinqu and Economic Zone become a lead in the urban expansion. In the process, the size of plots and connectivity increase. Within the 10 km radius to the center, the urban land of the city became more compact, especially in the rapid urbanizing directions. But beyond that distance, the developmental pattern could be compact or loose. By comparing, landscape is slightly changed along the corridor with less economic drivers. These results call for particular attentions of planners to optimizing urban spatial structure.

中图分类号: 

  • X522