地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 969-975.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.08.969

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

塔克拉玛干沙漠腹地大气气溶胶中游离氧化铁的测定

陆辉1, 魏文寿2, 刘明哲3,4, 吴新萍5, 牟书勇3, 韩茜3,6   

  1. 1. 新疆塔城地区气象局, 新疆 塔城 834700;
    2. 中国气象局乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830002;
    3. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;
    4. 中国科学院天山积雪雪崩研究站, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;
    5. 塔中气象站, 新疆 库尔勒 830013;
    6. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-14 修回日期:2010-12-14 出版日期:1997-08-20 发布日期:1997-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 魏文寿,研究员。E-mail:weiwsh@idm.cn E-mail:魏文寿, weiwsh@idm.cn
  • 基金资助:
    公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY200706008)、公益性行业科研专项(GYHY200806011)、新疆生态与地理研究所绿洲学者"博士"人才培养计划(0771021)、中国沙漠气象科学研究基金(Sqj2006001)、国家自然科学基金(40801234)共同资助。

Quantification and Semi-quantification of Iron-oxide Minerals in Aerosol Particles in the Hinterland of Taklimakan Desert

LU Hui1, WEI Wen-shou2, LIU Ming-zhe3,4, WU Xin-ping5, MU Shu-yong3, HAN Xi3,6   

  1. 1. Tacheng Meteorological Bureau, Tacheng, Xinjiang 834700, China;
    2. Urumqi Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830002;
    3. Xingjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, China;
    4. Tianshan Snow and Avalanche Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, China;
    5. Tazhong Meteorological Station, Kuerle, Xinjiang 830013, China;
    6. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-10-14 Revised:2010-12-14 Online:1997-08-20 Published:1997-08-20

摘要: 大气沙尘气溶胶中铁氧化物含量的测定对研究气溶胶吸收特性有重要的研究意义。采用柠檬酸盐-重碳酸盐-连二亚硫酸盐(CBD)和漫反射光谱法(DRS)对塔克拉玛干沙漠腹地塔中站2006年4月9~11日沙尘暴天气过程前后TSP沙尘样品中的游离氧化铁进行定量和半定量研究,研究得出,塔中游离氧化铁占全铁含量的变化范围在4.55%~8.16%之间(平均值6.36%),全铁占样品总量的5.16%,游离氧化铁占样品总量的0.32%;反射光谱一阶导数曲线峰值在435和560nm对针铁矿和赤铁矿具有识别指示意义。

Abstract: By scattering and absorbing solar and telluric radiation, dust aerosol has a direct impact on the Earth’s radiative balance. Their quantification is of utmost importance to assess the desert dust optical properties. Iron oxides minerals (especially hematite and goethite) contents are very low in aerosol particles, which are strong absorbers at ultra-violet and visible wavelengths. CBD method and diffuse reflectance are adapted to quantify and semi-quantify the free-iron oxides contents in the aerosols collected at Tazhong on 9-11 April, 2006 in the Hinterland of Taklimakan Desert. For these samples, the percentage of free-iron relative to the total estimated aerosol mass increased from 4.55% to 8.16% with an average of 6.36%. Total-iron content, free-iron content and free-to-total iron ratio are 5.16%, and 0.32%, respectively. The first derivatives of the reflectance spectra are consistent with signals from two iron-oxide minerals, hematite and goethite, at wavelengths of 560 nm and 435 nm, respectively.

中图分类号: 

  • P575.4/P435+.1