地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (1): 2-10.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.01.2

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关于避免中国交通建设过度超前的建议

陆大道*()   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-23 修回日期:2011-09-25 出版日期:2012-01-20 发布日期:2012-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陆大道(1940-),男,安徽桐城人,中国科学院院士,主要从事经济地理学研究。E-mail: ludd@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院学部院士咨询项目、国家自然科学基金项目(41171108)资助

The Proposition to Avoid the Over Advance and Inappropriate Construction of China′s Transport Infrastructures

Da-dao LU()   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-09-23 Revised:2011-09-25 Online:2012-01-20 Published:2012-01-20

摘要:

这里发表的是经过2009~2010年间大量调查研究和分析写成的咨询报告全文(原文)。“报告”于2010年9月由有关部门上报到国家。“报告”对近年来交通建设成就和交通运输业发展已经达到的水平进行了概括性评价,集中而系统地揭示了近年来全国范围内交通运输建设中出现的过度扩张、重复建设、能力浪费、不合理竞争以及各种运输方式之间的不协调等严重问题,认为交通发展应该逐步进入以优化结构、加强综合运输建设和管理以及发展广大基层区域的交通设施为主的新阶段。由于“报告”是在近年来交通建设特别是“高铁”建设大跃进的高潮中上报的,当时所受到的压力可想而知。

关键词: 交通建设, 过度超前, 咨询报告

Abstract:

Since the reform and opening-up, especially the 21th century, China has achieved the great progress on the transport construction. However, since the end of 20th century, especially in recent years, several problems on the transport construction became worse. Based on the investigation and discussion in 2009-2010, we complete the consulting report The Proposition to Avoid the Redundancy and Inappropriate Construction of Chinas Transport Infrastructures. The report is submitted to the Chinese central government on in September, 2010. In this report we assess the progress of China′s transport construction and developing level of the transport industry. It shows that China had constructed one integrated transport system whose ability, structure and spatial distribution can ensure the rapid development of China′s socio-economy. And we reveal the existing serious problems on the transport construction in recent years on the whole China, such as over expansion, over-duplicated construction, unreasonable competition, etc. Now, several transport modes had produced the excessive capacities. Those problems resulted mainly from that the transport planning could not consider completely the China′s national conditions, and its developing stage, tendency. Then, we propose that China′s transport construction should step gradually one new stage to optimize the transport structure, construct the integrated transport system, and develop the transport infrastructures in the backward regions. The construction scale of express way, seaport, and express railway should be studied and verified more scientifically and comprehensively. Furthermore, we should strengthen the comprehensive study of transport industry in the long term. When the report is submit to the government it is in the upsurge of transport construction especially express railway, we are confronted the enormous pressure. To read the authentic report for the reader, we make no revision on this report.

Key words: transport construction, over advance, consultation report

中图分类号: 

  • F503