地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 1439-1443.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.012.1439

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外商群集投资的区位决定因素:基于验证性因子分析的研究

王庆喜(), 徐维祥, 朱恒福   

  1. 浙江工业大学经贸管理学院与全球浙商信息中心,浙江 杭州 310023
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-14 修回日期:2012-07-16 出版日期:2012-12-20 发布日期:2012-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王庆喜(1976-),男,湖南邵阳人,副教授,博士,主要研究方向为产业集群与区域发展。E-mail:wqx1976@zjut.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71073147),浙江省科技厅软科学项目(2009C25007)资助

Location Determinants of Foreign Clustering Investment:An Empirical Research Based on Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Qing-xi WANG(), Wei-xiang XU, Heng-fu ZHU   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310023, China
  • Received:2012-03-14 Revised:2012-07-16 Online:2012-12-20 Published:2012-12-20

摘要:

外商群集投资(FCI)为存在产业关联的外资集聚。在前人文献基础上,从区位条件、成本驱动、企业集聚和产业关联四个维度提出了一个考察FCI区位选择因素的包含13个测量项目的测量体系,利用来自江苏昆山、吴江、浙江平湖等FCI特征明显地区的106家外资企业的实地调查数据,采用验证性因子方法确证了这一测量体系的内在结构。这为后续研究从FCI区位决定因素的体系和维度上提供了经验证据和逻辑指引。

关键词: 外商群集投资, 区位选择因素, 验证性因子分析

Abstract:

FDI (foreign direct investment) location selection is an important subject in international economics and transnational business field. Following the seminal work of Dunning (1973), many researchers have been persisting in contributing to it. Such type of study is advanced along with related theoretical progress and changing circumstances of international economy, and has been far from ended yet. Today, FDI has evolved differently from its original form. One of its development trends is growing into foreign clustering investment (FCI) introduced in this article, which is agglomeration of foreign direct investment through industrial linkages. In comparison with traditional FDI, FCI has two distinctive characteristics, i.e., firm agglomeration and industrial linkages. This means that they may be different in location selection. With respect to FCI location determinants, extant literature has some shortcomings. For instance, little literature has listed location-specific attributes completely and identified their dimensions explicitly; most of literature has depended on second and aggregate data collecting at regional or industrial level. The aim of this study is to investigate latent dimensions of location-specific attributes and factors influencing location decision of foreign clustering investment, so it can be expected to make up for the defects of previous research to a certain extent. Under a review of extant literature, this study proposes that there are four dimensions constituting FCI determinants system, i.e., location conditions, inputs cost, firm agglomeration, and industrial linkages. Then this study put forward a 13-item measurement scale to capture the four dimensions. Through a survey of 106 foreign firms coming from three counties of Kunshan, Wujiang and Pinghu in Yangtze River delta, the confirmatory factor analysis confirms FCI determinant dimensions proposed above. The empirical results indicate that, in addition to traditionally location-specific and cost-driven factors, firm agglomeration and industry linkage should also be taken into consideration of location determinants of FCI. The implication of this study is that future studies should incorporate such dimensions as firm agglomeration and industry linkage into location determinants of FCI-type foreign direct investment, and then they can get relatively correct and complete results.

Key words: foreign clustering investment, location determinants, confirmatory factor analysis

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9