地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 1473-1480.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.012.1473

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南京大学土地利用碳排放研究进展

赵荣钦1,2(), 陈志刚1,3, 黄贤金1,3(), 钟太洋1,3, 揣小伟1,3, 赖力1,3, 张墨逸1,3   

  1. 1.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏 南京 210093
    2.华北水利水电学院资源与环境学院,河南 郑州 450011
    3.南京大学人文地理研究中心,江苏 南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-22 修回日期:2012-06-18 出版日期:2012-12-20 发布日期:2012-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵荣钦(1978- ),男,河南孟津人,博士,副教授。主要从事土地利用与碳排放研究。E-mail:zhaorq234@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重大项目(10ZD&030)、江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目、江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究重大项目(2010ZDAXM008)和中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2012M511243)资助

Research Progresses of Land Use Carbon Emission in Nanjing University

Rong-qin ZHAO1,2(), Zhi-gang CHEN1,3, Xian-jin HUANG1,3(), Tai-yang ZHONG1,3, Xiao-wei CHUAI1,3, Li LAI1,3, Mo-yi ZHANG1,3   

  1. 1.School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093, China
    2.College of Resources and Environment, North China University of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power, Zhengzhou, Henan 450011, China
    3.Research Center of Human Geography, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093, China
  • Received:2012-04-22 Revised:2012-06-18 Online:2012-12-20 Published:2012-12-20

摘要:

土地利用是低碳经济和碳排放研究的重要切入点,也是进行碳排放调控的重要工具之一。开展土地利用碳排放研究,有助于从土地利用规划、产业结构调控及国土开发与整治等领域全面引导经济社会的低碳发展。2007年以来,南京大学在国内地理学界较早开展了土地利用碳排放研究,研究进程主要包括两个阶段:区域不同尺度碳排放核算及驱动机制研究、土地利用及其变化的碳排放效应及优化调控研究。经过文献梳理与分析,从区域碳排放核算、因素分析及减排潜力研究、土地利用及其变化的碳排放效应研究、区域土地利用及产业空间的碳足迹分析、面向低碳目标的土地利用结构优化研究、城市系统碳循环及其土地调控研究等方面对南京大学土地利用碳排放的主要研究方向进行了总结和评述;结合南京大学学科发展优势,提出了土地利用碳排放研究的发展趋势,主要包括:典型产业区碳排放研究、城市改造和环境设计与碳排放的关系研究、城市功能区碳排放研究、低碳土地利用规划的编制与应用、区域碳排放的土地调控机制与方法体系研究等。

关键词: 土地利用, 碳排放, 南京大学

Abstract:

To explore the influences of human activities on global carbon cycle, anthropogenic carbon emission has become the major concern and a “hot spot” in academic circles. The most important anthropogenic influences on climate are greenhouse gas emissions and land use changes. As the direct embodiments of industrial activities and government policies, the alteration of land use structure will change the pattern, structure of human energy consumptions, and will further change the natural and human carbon emission intensity and affect regional carbon cycle processes and efficiency. So, the impact of human economic and energy activities on regional carbon cycle is largely achieved by changing the land use structure and pattern. Therefore, land use is an important aspect in the research of low-carbon economy and carbon emission, and is also one of the important tools for carbon emission regulation and control. Research on land use carbon emission is helpful to promote the developing of low-carbon economy through land use planning, industrial structure regulation and control and territorial development, renovation and management. Since 2007, depending on the Non-profit Industry Financial Program of Ministry of Land and Resources of China and National Social Science Foundation of China, based on the research background and discipline advantages in Human Geography, researches on land use carbon emission appeared in human geography discipline of Nanjing University, which was quite earlier in China. Research process of land use carbon emission in Nanjing University includes two stages: research on regional carbon emission estimation and its driving mechanism on different scales, and the research on carbon emission effect of land use change and its optimization and regulation and control. According to the literature review on land use carbon emission research of Nanjing University, the main directions and achievements in the past several years was summarized. The main researches are: regional carbon emission estimation, decomposition analysis and carbon emission reduction potential, carbon emission effect of land use change, carbon footprint of regional land use and industrial space, low-carbon land use structure optimization and regulation, carbon cycle of urban system and its regulation through land use control, etc. Generally, researches on land use carbon emission in Nanjing University not only promoted the deepen of land use research in geography, but also provide practical guide for local government to assess carbon emission effect and carry out low-carbon land use structure optimization in land use planning. Finally, with considering the discipline advantages of Human Geography in Nanjing University, the future research trends of land use carbon emission was put forward, such as: carbon circulation and carbon emission of typical industrial districts, relationship between urban renewal of land use space, urban environmental design and carbon emission, carbon emission of different urban functional districts, establishment and application of low-carbon urban planning and land use planning schemes, mechanism and method system of land use regulation and control on regional carbon emission.

Key words: land use, carbon emission, Nanjing University

中图分类号: 

  • F301.24