地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 450-457.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.04.450

• • 上一篇    下一篇

东北地区“人口-经济-空间”城市化协调性研究

孙平军(), 丁四保(), 修春亮, 魏冶   

  1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院,吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2010-12-20 修回日期:2011-01-07 出版日期:2012-04-20 发布日期:2012-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙平军(1981-),男,湖南隆回人,博士研究生,研究方向为城市与区域规划,区域经济开发。sunpj031@nenu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40571050)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(NO.10SSXT101)资助

Population-Economy-Space Urbanization of Northeast China

Ping-jun SUN(), Si-bao DING(), Chun-liang XIU, Ye WEI   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Northeast Normal University,Changchun, Jilin 130024,China
  • Received:2010-12-20 Revised:2011-01-07 Online:2012-04-20 Published:2012-04-20

摘要:

城市化是一个“人口-经济-空间”三维一体的过程,其内在协调与否是城市可持续发展的关键所在。为此,首先通过构建人口、经济、空间城市化内在表征指标,运用均方差赋权法,以东北地区(指的是东北三省)34个地级市为研究对象,来综合测度其人口、经济、空间城市化水平;其次运用协调度评价模型对其协调程度进行评价;并在此基础上进行分类。研究结果表明:① 东北地区经济城市化主导人口、空间城市化,但整体水平不高,平均水平基本处于加速发展阶段(0.25~0.35);② 人口、经济、空间城市化水平的空间分异明显,其中人口城市化整体呈现出由北往南递减的趋势,而经济城市化则成由南往北递减的趋势,两者“内在互补(互异)”趋势非常明显;③ 三者城市化协调度低,且区域差异明显,由南往北递减趋势非常明显;④ 依据彼此间协调度主宰程度,将其划分为综合协调导向型,人口-经济、人口-空间、经济-空间协调导向型4种类型。

关键词: 人口-经济-空间城市化, 协调性, 均方差赋权法, 东北地区

Abstract:

Urbanization is a “population-economy-space” trine progress, and the coordination among them is the key to the sustainable development of city. In order to evaluate the coordination of the population-economy-space urbanization in Northeast China. In the article, firstly, the indexes of population urbanization, economy urbanization and space urbanization were constructed, and the standard variance method was used to make sure the weighs of eacry index, and then the 34 prefecture-level cities (mainly referring to the three in Northeastern provinces) were took as the research object, to measure the urbanization level of population, economy and space comprehensively. Secondly, the coordination estimate model was used to assess the coordination among of them, and then the coupling degrees was used to divide the 34 prefecture-level cities into several groups. The result shows that: ① The economy urbanization of Northeast China was leading the population urbanization and space urbanization and the whole level wasn’t high, basically at the average level from 0.25 to 0.35, which means it stated in the accelerating development stages.② the spatial differentiation characters of population urbanization, economy urbanization and space urbanization were very significant, in which the population urbanization showed a decreasing trend from north to south, while the economy urbanization showed a decreasing trend from south to north, between them “inner-complementary (internal difference)” character appeared very clear. ③ The coordination degree among population urbanization, economy urbanization and space urbanization was very small, and the regional differences were so significant that the degree showed decreasing trend from south to north. ④ According to the dominant coordination degrees among population-economy urbanization coordination degree, population-space urbanization coordination degree, economy-space urbanization coordination degree, the 34 prefecture-level cities were divided into 4 types.

Key words: population-economy-space urbanization, coupling, standard variance method, Northeast China

中图分类号: 

  • K901.3