地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 557-561.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.05.557

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江苏省能源与经济系统协调发展评价

赵媛(), 沈璐()   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,江苏 南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2011-06-10 修回日期:2012-02-13 出版日期:2012-05-20 发布日期:2012-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵 媛(1963-),女,江苏南京人,博士,教授,主要从事能源经济与区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: zhaoyuan@njnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目资助

Evaluation in Coordinative Development Among Energy and Economy of Jiangsu Province

Yuan ZHAO(), Lu SHEN()   

  1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210046, China
  • Received:2011-06-10 Revised:2012-02-13 Online:2012-05-20 Published:2012-05-20

摘要:

建立能源系统、经济系统发展评价指标体系,构建能源与经济系统协调度模型,利用1995~2009年江苏省能源与经济相关统计数据,定量分析江苏省能源系统与经济系统协调发展水平。研究结果表明两者的协调发展大体经历了如下变化:1995~1997年协调度虽呈现缓慢上升趋势,但两系统各自的发展均处在较低水平;1998年江苏经济系统发展快于能源系统,出现短暂地协调度下降现象;1999~2004年两系统发展速度同步加快,呈现出短暂的“和谐”状态;2005年协调度略微回落,能源资源过度消耗等问题日益突出;为此,政府采取转变经济发展方式、调整产业结构等积极措施,2006~2009年两系统协调度出现回升态势。 “十二五”期间,江苏应进一步从产业结构、能源结构、能源利用效率、全民节能降耗意识等四方面实现优化升级,并将解决环境问题放在更为突出的位置,努力把江苏建设成为经济健康型、资源节约型、环境友好型社会。

关键词: 能源与经济系统, 协调发展, 协调度模型, 江苏

Abstract:

Demand for energy is growing with each passing day by the rapid development of economy in Jiangsu Province. Energy shortage is one of the restricting factors on the further development of economy. Meanwhile, environment pressure with energy consumption is increasing day by day. So, how to realize the coordinative development among energy and economy has been an important problem which should be solved as soon as possible. Based on the energy and economy data from 1995 to 2009, this article is to set up the development evaluation index system and the energy-economy coordinative degree model, which aims to analyze the coordinative development level quantitatively among energy and economy. The results show that the coordinative development level among energy and economy has experienced the following changes: 1) from 1995 to 1997, the coordinative degree presented slow rising trend as a result of the low development level both in energy and economy; 2) the development speed of economy was faster than that of energy, which caused the coordinative degree declining briefly in 1998; 3) the development level from 1999 to 2004 improved at the same speed. Due to most high-energy-consumption enterprises being closed successively and new technology and new equipments being adopted, energy utilization efficiency increased greatly which presented short "harmonious" state between energy and economy; and 4) the coordinative degree was declining slightly for the excessive consumption of energy resources in 2005. The government intensified efforts to transform the mode of economic development and to adjust the industrial structure. In this case, the coordinative degree rised again from 2006 to 2009, which meant the optimization period had been coming. However, problems such as energy consumption per unit of GDP being on the high side still exist. The contradiction between energy and economy is still outstanding. During the period of the 12th Five-Year Plan, Jiangsu will keep the coordinative development level in primary state and achieve the sustainable development among energy and economy by adjusting industrial structure, optimizing energy structure, improving energy utilization efficiency and strengthening national energy saving consciousness further. At the same time, Jiangsu will put solving the environmental problem on the more prominent place. By the joint efforts, Jiangsu will become an economy-healthy, resources-saving, and environment-friendly society.

Key words: energy and economy, coordinative development, coordinative degree model, Jiangsu

中图分类号: 

  • F062.1