地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 635-640.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.05.635

• • 上一篇    下一篇

气候和土地利用变化对径流变化影响研究——以伊洛河流域伊河上游地区为例

梁国付(), 丁圣彦   

  1. 河南大学资源与环境研究所 河南大学环境与规划学院, 河南 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2011-06-13 修回日期:2011-09-05 出版日期:2012-05-20 发布日期:2012-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:梁国付(1973-),男,河南林州人,博士,副教授,在站博士后,主要研究方向为景观生态学。E-mail:liangguofu@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41071118)、河南省教育厅自然科学基金项目(2009B170002)资助

The Impacts of Climate and Landuse Changes on The Runoff Effects:Case in The Upper Reaches of The Yihe River, The Yiluo River Basin

Guo-fu LIANG(), Sheng-yan DING   

  1. Institute of Natural Resources and Environmental Science Research, Henan University;College of Environment & Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475001,China
  • Received:2011-06-13 Revised:2011-09-05 Online:2012-05-20 Published:2012-05-20

摘要:

在实际调查基础上,利用遥感和地理信息系统技术,分析伊洛河流域伊河上游地区气候和土地利用变化对径流变化的影响。结果显示,在研究区域中,林地面积最大,1987~2008年,林地、库塘和建设用地面积持续增加,草地、河流和未利用地面积持续减少,耕地面积则先增加后减少。20世纪80年代以来,土地利用变化在不同阶段都使得年平均径流量减小;80~90年代,气候变化使得年平均径流量减小,而90年代到2000年以后,气候变化使得年平均径流量增加,这与90年代年平均降水量减少,而2000年以后年平均降水量增加密切相关。

关键词: 气候变化, 土地利用变化, 径流效应, SWAT水文模型, 伊洛河流域

Abstract:

This paper investigated the climate and landuse changes in the upper reaches of the Yihe River since the 1980s. Based on the field investigation, remote sensing and GIS technology, the distributed hydrological model, SWAT (the Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model, was constructed for the studied basin. The results showed that: in the study area, woodland was the dominant landuse type. In 1987-2008, the area of woodland, pond and construction land increased, while the area of the grassland, river and unused land decreased. The area of arable land increased at first, then reduced. Since the 1980s, landuse changes led to the annual average runoff decreased at different stages. From the 1980s to the 1990s, climate changes caused the annual average runoff to decrease, while increase after 2000. All these had a close relation with the annual average precipitation, which was low in the 1990s and increased after 2000.

Key words: climate change, landuse change, runoff effect, SWAT model, the Yiluo River basin

中图分类号: 

  • P339.3