地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 717-724.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.06.717

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黄河三角洲滨海湿地的景观格局空间演变分析

王永丽1,2(), 于君宝1(), 董洪芳1,2, 栗云召1,2, 周迪1,2, 付玉芹1,2, 韩广轩1, 毛培利1   

  1. 1.中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所滨海湿地生态实验室,中国科学院山东省海岸带环境过程重点实验室,山东 烟台 264003
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-12 修回日期:2012-03-20 出版日期:2012-06-20 发布日期:2012-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王永丽(1984-),女,山东临沂人,博士研究生,主要从事湿地生态过程研究工作。E-mail:ylwang@yic.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目 (KZCX2-YW-223;KZCX2-YW-359);公益性行业(农业)科研专项经费项目(200903001);“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2011BAC02B01);中国科学院国家外国专家局创新团队国际合作伙伴计划项目和中国科学院百人计划项目(O929051041)资助

Spatial Evolution of Landscape Pattern of Coastal Wetlands in Yellow River Delta

Yong-li WANG1,2(), Jun-bao YU1, Hong-fang DONG1,2, Yun-zhao LI1,2, Di ZHOU1,2, Yu-qin FU1,2, Guan-xuan HAN1, Pei-li MAO1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes,Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai,Shandong 264003,China
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-07-12 Revised:2012-03-20 Online:2012-06-20 Published:2012-06-20

摘要:

利用GIS技术、RS影像和Fragstats3.3等景观统计软件,从景观面积变化、景观斑块特征和景观整体水平格局等方面,对比研究了黄河三角洲2000年和2009年湿地不同时空尺度的景观格局变化。结果表明:10 a间黄河三角洲滨海湿地海岸线和陆地面积整体呈增长趋势,天然湿地面积急剧减少,平均分维数大部分降低,湿地景观破碎度降低,多样性和均匀性指数增加,蔓延度指数增加。湿地景观格局指数的变化反映了旱田及水田的大面积种植,盐田养殖业的大力发展以及石油开采等人为活动对景观格局的深刻影响,人类活动已经成为黄河三角洲滨海湿地景观格局变化的主要驱动因子。

关键词: 滨海湿地, 3S技术, 景观格局演变, 黄河三角洲

Abstract:

Wetland ecosystem is a special natural complex under the interaction between land and water. Its functions are mainly decided by landscape pattern.With the support of GIS technology, RS images and Frag-stats3.3 statistical software, this paper studied the changes of wetland landscape pattern of costal wetlands in Yellow River Delta including the size of landscape area, landscape patch characteristics and the overall level of landscape pattern under different temporal-spatial scales of the Yellow River Delta in 2000 and 2009. The results showed that the coastline length and the total area of the coastal wetland in the Yellow River Delta show a rising trend as a whole in recent 10 years. The natural wetland area has a sharp reduction. Mean fractal dimension indices of the most landscape types are lower and the landscape fragmentation indices generally decrease. While the landscape diversity index, evenness index and contagion index all increase. Overall, the indices changes of wetlands landscape pattern reflect the profound impact from human activities including large-scale cultivation of dry farming fields and paddy fields, the development of salt farming industry and oil exploration, etc.. This study indicates that the human activities have become the main driving factor for landscape pattern changes in coastal wetland of Yellow River Delta. In the future, the coordinated development of the ecological environment protection and economic development should be focused on in the Yellow River Delta .

Key words: coastal wetland, 3S technologies, landscape pattern evolution, Yellow River Delta

中图分类号: 

  • X142