地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 1081-1086.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.09.1081

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可持续城市理念下新城市主义社区规划的价值观

张侃侃1(), 王兴中2   

  1. 1.太原师范学院城镇与区域发展研究所, 山西 太原 030012
    2.西安外国语大学人文地理研究所,陕西 西安 710128
  • 收稿日期:2012-01-09 修回日期:2012-04-20 出版日期:2012-09-20 发布日期:2012-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张侃侃(1983-),女,山西太原人,博士,主要从事社区规划和城市社会地理学研究。E-mail:zkksxrwdl@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(06XSH010)、国家自然科学基金青年项目(41101156)资助

The Values of New Urbanism Community Planning Guided by the Concept of Sustainable Urbanism

Kan-kan ZHANG1(), Xing-zhong WANG2   

  1. 1.Urban and Regional Development Institute, Taiyuan Normal University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030012, China
    2.Institute of Human Geography, Xi′an International Studies University, Xi′an, Shaanxi 710128, China
  • Received:2012-01-09 Revised:2012-04-20 Online:2012-09-20 Published:2012-09-20

摘要:

从空间公正与价值尊严等方面对新城市主义社区规划的价值观进行研究,阐述其基本理念和规划原则。通过上述原理的分析,明确了新城市主义社区规划的社会价值观和空间价值观的内涵,前者涉及人本性、空间多样性、社区平等感和社会环境协调性4个层面,后者则体现在重视公共区域的阶层平等可进入性、提高混合居住的社会平等空间的宜居性和以强制性的宜居环境标准提升社会的平等性。最后,对新城市主义社区规划价值观的理论和实践性进行批判性的审视,并尝试性地提出解决实践中普遍存在的空间不公正问题的对策。

关键词: 可持续城市, 新城市主义, 社区规划, 价值观, 空间公正

Abstract:

Urbanization started from the industrial era, and developed in the post-industrial era. During this period, urban community planning method changed gradually. Smart Growth, New Urbanism and Green Building Movements has provided the basis for sustainable urbanism theory and practice, which shares with the values of economics, sociology and environmental science. Scholars integrated the urban environmental movements mentioned above as a practical guide of sustainable development. New Urbanism, in response to the concept of sustainable urbanism, has been the mainstream of urban planning in Europe and the United States. The core of sustainable New Urbanism, according to some foreign scholars, is spatial justice, a reflection of social justice, which also helps accomplish the spatial functional values of reasonable community layout and the planning of spatial justice values. In many foreign countries, this theory has already come into effect. However, in China, most relevant theoretical studies are general introductions and reviews and practical ones focus on instructions to urban planning in material aspect, with the absence of written version of values of New Urbanism community planning. Therefore, from the perspective of values, studying New Urbanism has instructions on community planning. Studies, in the aspects of spatial justice, values and dignity, focus on values of New Urbanism community planning, illustrating its guiding concepts and planning principles. New Urbanism, under the guidance of the concept of sustainable urbanism, aims at transforming the urban space and creating local-socialization space to meet the daily needs of people nowadays. The New Urbanism community planning, in this article, should follow the compactness principle, the diversity principle, the walk-first principle, the environment importance principle and the high-quality principle. Based on the above analysis, the connotation of social values and spatial values of New Urbanism community planning has been clarified. Social values cover human nature, spatial diversity, community equality and coordination of social surroundings. Correspondingly, spatial values are a reflection of valuing equal accessibility of different classes to public places, improving the livability of social space inhabited by people of different classes, as well as bettering the social equality by compelling livable standard. New Urbanism successfully combined traditional values standard with environmental coordination, spatial diversity, social sense of community and behavior scale of humanism of urban spatial construction, and put the modern 'good community' idea into practice. Finally, by critically looking at the theory and practicability of values of New Urbanism community planning, we try to put forward some measures to solve the general spatial injustice in practice.

Key words: sustainable urbanism, New Urbanism, community planning, values, spatial justice

中图分类号: 

  • TU981