地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 1099-1105.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.09.1099

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长吉都市区能源碳足迹测度及影响因素研究

张约翰1,2(), 张平宇1()   

  1. 1.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,吉林 长春 130012
    2. 西安科技大学管理学院,陕西 西安 710054
  • 收稿日期:2011-08-29 修回日期:2012-06-12 出版日期:2012-09-20 发布日期:2012-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张约翰(1983-),男,吉林省吉林市人,博士,主要从事城市区域发展及旅游资源开发。E-mail:zhangyuehan123@yahoo.com.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41071108)、吉林省科技发展计划项目(20100627)、国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BAH31B06)资助

Energy Consumption Carbon Footprint of Metropolitan District of Changchun and Jilin, China

Yue-han ZHANG1,2(), Ping-yu ZHANG1   

  1. 1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130012, China
    2.College of Management, Xi′an University of Science and Technology, Xi′an, Shaanxi 710054, China
  • Received:2011-08-29 Revised:2012-06-12 Online:2012-09-20 Published:2012-09-20

摘要:

对1999~2008年长春都市区碳足迹进行计算,采用岭回归法和脱钩指数分析了经济发展与能源消费碳足迹之间的关系。结果表明:能源消费碳足迹呈现波动变化态势,1999~2002年人均能源消费碳足迹较低,2003年后呈现快速上升态势;受支柱产业能源消费特征影响,煤炭、石油所占比例呈上升趋势;生产性和生活性碳足迹均上升,能源消费碳足迹产值呈现不均衡变化态势;经济增长是能源消费碳足迹的主要影响因素,技术进步和城镇化发展作用有限;经济增长与能源消费碳足迹之间处于相对脱钩状态。

关键词: 能源消费碳足迹, STIRPAT模型, 脱钩指数, 长吉都市区

Abstract:

The urban energy consumption carbon footprint is so important for the developing low-carbon economy. Based on the STIRPAT model and the ridge regression method, this article analyzes the trend of energy consumption carbon footprint of the metropolitan district of Changchun and Jilin during the period of 1999 to 2008. In it, the total energy consumption in the metropolitan district of Chang and Jilin is calculated, and the relationship between economic development and the energy consumption carbon footprint is analyzed. The carbon footprint per capita indicates a tendency from decline to rise, and the decoupling index reflects the state of relative decoupling between economic growth and energy consumption carbon footprint. Both are employed in this study. The results are follows. 1) The energy consumption carbon footprint has fluctances in the metropolitan district of Changchun and Jilin. The carbon footprint per capita was low from 1999 to 2002, and increased from 2002 to 2008. 2) Changchun and Jilin have different pillar industries, which has great disparities in the energy consumption. For the energy consumption structure, there is a significant positive correlation between the energy consumption carbon footprint of coal and the oil index, and both of them are notable increase. 3) The proportion of productivity and living carbon footprint increases, and the output value of ernergy consuption carbon footprint indicated a fluctuating situation in the metropolitan district of Changchun and Jilin. 3) There is significant positive correlation between energy consumption carbon footprint and economic development, progress of knowledge, and urbanization. Of all influencing facotrs, the economic development is the dominat, but the later two work less. 4) The decoupling index of economic growth and energy consumption carbon footprint fluctuates within the stats of relative decoupling and in re-coupling. According to the situatin of of energy consumption carbon footprint of the metropolitan district of Changchun and Jilin, a set of governmental countermeasures are necessary. 1) The moderate efforts should be made to revise birth control targets; 2) The civic investment should be increased to advocate a low-carbon in metropolitan district of Changchun and Jilin; 3) The energy saving technologies should be adopted in this region; 4) The strategic planning and policy making for the long-term reduction of energy consumption should consider. The article improves the understanding of the impact of urban economic development on urban energy consumption carbon footprint, and will be a support in the plan-making of ernergy consuption in the economic development of old industy base.

Key words: energy consumption carbon footprint, STIRPAT model, decoupling index, metropolitan district of Changchun and Jilin

中图分类号: 

  • F293.13