地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1293-1301.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.011.1293

• • 上一篇    下一篇

空间生产再考:从哈维到福柯

王丰龙1(), 刘云刚2()   

  1. 1.香港浸会大学地理系,香港 九龙塘
    2.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2012-06-25 修回日期:2013-03-25 出版日期:2013-11-07 发布日期:2013-06-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王丰龙(1988-),男,内蒙古赤峰人,博士研究生,主要从事地理学理论、行为地理和计量地理研究。E-mail: wfldragon@yahoo.com

  • 基金资助:
    香港研究资助局优配研究金(GRF)资助项目(HKBU245008、HKBU244610)、国家自然科学基金项目(41271165、41130747)、教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金(12YJAGJW007)资助

Revisiting Production of Space: From Harvey to Foucault

Feng-long WANG1(), Yun-gang LIU2()   

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong
    2.School of Geography Sciences and Planning, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, SUN Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China
  • Received:2012-06-25 Revised:2013-03-25 Online:2013-11-07 Published:2013-06-26

摘要:

针对目前空间生产的研究中存在的2个潜在问题——对理论运用的简单化和理解的宽泛化,在国内外现有的相关研究的基础上,对哈维和福柯关于空间生产的理论或思想重新进行了梳理。研究认为,哈维和福柯都对空间给予了长期关注,并发展了2种互补的、值得借鉴的研究方法;总体上,资本、阶级和上层建筑是哈维的空间生产理论框架的3个要素,而工具性空间、生产性空间和空间合理性则构成了福柯的空间研究的三大视角。尽管这2个视角存在很大差异,但是都强调空间生产背后的不平衡逻辑并追求主体性的解放,从而为未来研究的深入提供了方向;最后,结合福柯对知识-权力的讨论,呼吁建立一个更为求真、自省的学术体系。

关键词: 空间生产, 哈维, 福柯, 资本, 权力, 空间合理性

Abstract:

Given two potential issues in the current studies in the production of space, i.e. the simplism in application and mysticism in implication, this article provides a concise sketch of the theories or thoughts of David Harvey and Michel Foucault in the production of space based on the existing relevant researches. It is argued that both Harvey and Foucault pay much attention to the issues of production of space and spatiality from two illuminating perspectives which are complementary with each other. Generally, this article sorts out 3 main elements in Harvey’s researches, i.e. capital, class and superstructure; by the same token, three perspectives are summarized in Foucauldian’s studies, i.e. instrumental spaces, productive spatalitis and spatial rationality. Besides the disparities in perspectives, both of them emphasize heavily on the uneven logics behind the processes of production of space and pursuit the emancipation of human beings. We also examined the necessity and feasibility to introduce these figures into the studies in China; some promising fields for future studies are provided after brief summarization and comparison; a freer and more introspective academic atmosphere of current Chinese human geography is advocated based on Foucault’s discussions on power-knowledge and truth.

Key words: production of space, Harvey, Foucault, capital, power, space rationality

中图分类号: 

  • K90