地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1323-1329.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.011.1323

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基于熵值法的山东省城镇化质量测度及空间差异分析

王富喜(), 毛爱华, 李赫龙, 贾明璐   

  1. 鲁东大学地理与规划学院,山东 烟台 264025
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-28 修回日期:2013-03-22 出版日期:2013-11-07 发布日期:2013-11-07
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王富喜(1962-),男,山东平邑人,博士,教授,主要从事城镇化与城乡协调发展研究。E-mail:wfx62@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2010DL004)、山东省高等学校科技计划项目(J11LE52)资助

Quality Measurement and Regional Difference of Urbanization in Shandong Province Based on the Entropy Method

Fu-xi WANG(), Ai-hua MAO, He-long LI, Ming-lu JIA   

  1. Geography and Planning School of Ludong University, Yantai, Shandong 264025, China
  • Received:2012-12-28 Revised:2013-03-22 Online:2013-11-07 Published:2013-11-07

摘要:

在明确城镇化质量内涵的基础上,从经济发展、社会发展、人口发展、生态环境、城乡协调、城镇化效率等6个方面,构建了城镇化质量评价指标体系,利用熵值法对山东省城镇化质量进行了综合测度。在此基础上,依据城镇化质量综合得分,通过系统聚类将全省17地市划分为五大类型区:高质量城镇化地区、城镇化质量较高地区、城镇化质量中等地区、城镇化质量较低地区和低质量城镇化地区。在总结、概括各类型区共同特点的基础上,对各地市城镇化质量存在的问题与不足进行了深入剖析,并就其未来发展方向进行了探讨。

关键词: 城镇化质量, 熵值法, 聚类分析, 空间差异, 山东省

Abstract:

Since China’s reform and opening up, with the rapid development of urban and rural economy, China has accelerated urbanization process. By the end of 2011, urban population accounts for 51.27% of total population in China. China has already got to a stage of urban society. Due to the low quality of fast growing urbanization, along with promoting the income growth of peasants, promoting the rural transformation and buffering the conflict between human and land in countryside, the extensive pattern of development also carries a series of negative influences to the healthy and sustainable development of city and countryside. It has been the priority task of China’s urbanization to transform the pattern and improve the quality of urbanization development. Especially on the eastern costal region which has developed economy and higher level of land urbanization, it is of more considerable realistic significance to promote the process of transformation from only pursuing speed to aiming at improving the quality, and from partial urbanization to comprehensive urbanization. Based on specifying the connotation of urbanization quality, the thesis elaborates a quality evaluation index system adapting to urbanization of Shandong Province, with considering 6 aspects, namely the economic growth, the social progress, the demographic development, the ecological environment, the urban-rural harmony, and the urbanization effectiveness. It also employs an entropy method to comprehensively measure the urbanization quality of Shandong Province. According to overall scores, the 17 cities are classified into five categories: 1) high quality urbanization regions; 2) relatively high quality urbanization regions; 3) medium quality urbanization regions; 4) relatively low quality urbanization regions; and 5) low quality urbanization regions. By summarizing the similarities of all these categories, the thesis analyses the existing problems and inadequacies of urbanization of each city in detail and discusses their future developments.

Key words: urbanization quality, entropy method, cluster analysis, regional difference, Shandong Province

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1