地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1330-1337.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.011.1330

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社区参与地质公园建设的意愿调查与驱动力分析——以华蓥山大峡谷地质公园为例

罗培1,2(), 雷金蓉2, 孙传敏1   

  1. 1.成都理工大学地球科学学院,四川 成都 610059
    2.西华师范大学国土资源学院,四川 南充 637002
  • 收稿日期:2012-07-02 修回日期:2013-03-06 出版日期:2013-11-07 发布日期:2013-11-07
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:罗 培(1974-),男,四川阆中人,副教授,博士研究生,主要从事景观地学研究。E-mail: luopei1974@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(41101348)资助;地质遗迹保护基金、土地;补偿基金、环境保护基金、;利益补偿基金

The Willingness and Driving Mechanism of Community Participation of Geological Heritage Resources Conservation and Development: A Case Study on Grand Canyon Geo-park of Huaying Mountain

Pei LUO1,2(), Jin-rong LEI2, Chuan-min SUN1   

  1. 1. College of Earth Sciences, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, Sichuan 610059, China
    2. Land and Resources College, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan 637002, China
  • Received:2012-07-02 Revised:2013-03-06 Online:2013-11-07 Published:2013-11-07

摘要:

以华蓥山大峡谷地质公园为例,应用问卷调查和登门访谈的方法,对地质公园范围内原住居民在资源保护(含环境保护)、规划决策、商业经营、利益分配、社会参与保障等5个方面的参与意愿展开调查和分析。调查表明,在资源保护和开发中社区参与存在的主要问题是,居民参与度低,参与机会有限,但他们有强烈的参与决策、规划、商业经营的愿望,并希望在参与中分享资源开发的利益,参与过程得到政府、企业的保障。根据分析的结果,从政府政策驱动、居民意愿被尊重、利益驱动等3个方面,对社区参与的驱动机制进行了探讨,为中国地质遗迹资源保护和开发中的社区参与问题研究和实践提供了理论参考。

关键词: 地质遗迹资源, 社区参与意愿调查, 华蓥山大峡谷, 地质公园

Abstract:

Geological heritage, one kind of important resources with aesthetic value, scientific value, and great conservation value, gets more and more attention from the fields of geonomy and tourism Science. During the protection and exploitation of the geological heritage, the contradiction between the community development and geological heritage conservation and development become increasingly prominent. It is very crucial for geological heritage conservation and development to get support of the original inhabitants. It becomes an important issue whether and how the original inhabitants can participate in geological heritage exploitation. Based on the typical case of the grand canyon geo-park in Huaying Mountain, this article investigated the situation of community participation and the wishes of the original inhabitants in the geo-park by questionnaire and interview, analyzed their attitude toward the heritage conservation and development, as well as the interest demands. The survey showed that, during the heritage conservation and development, the chances of community participation are very limited, but they show strong desires to participate in decision-making, planning, business operations, and hope to share the benefit of the resource exploitation, besides, they expect their participation to get indemnity from the government and exploitation enterprises. Under the existing management system, the article analyzed the driving mechanism of the community participation, i.e. government policies driving, the residents' willingness being respected and the interest driving. It provides a theoretical and practice reference for the study of community participation in geological heritage conservation and development.

Key words: Geological heritage resources, willingness of community participation, grand canyon in Huaying Mountain, geo-park

中图分类号: 

  • F590