地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1400-1405.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.011.1400

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基于斜坡单元的区域斜坡稳定性评价方法

谷天峰1,2(), 王家鼎1, 付新平3   

  1. 1.西北大学地质系大陆动力学国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710069
    2. 中交通力建设股份有限公司, 陕西 西安 710075
    3. 铁道第三勘察设计院集团有限公司, 天津300142
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-13 修回日期:2013-03-10 出版日期:2013-11-07 发布日期:2013-06-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:谷天峰(1978-),男,河南南阳人,博士,讲师,主要从事黄土地质灾害方面研究。E-mail:tfgu@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学青年基金(41202187)、高等学校博士学科重点基金(20116101130001)、高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(20106101120008)资助

Regional Slope Stability Analysis Method Based on the Slope Unit

Tian-feng GU1,2(), Jia-ding WANG1, Xin-ping FU3   

  1. 1.Department of Geology/ State Key Laboratory of Continental Dynamics, Northwest University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710069, China
    2. Zhongjiao Tongli Construction Co., Ltd, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710075, China
    3. The Third Railway Survey and Design Institute Group Cooperation, Tianjin 300142, China
  • Received:2013-01-13 Revised:2013-03-10 Online:2013-11-07 Published:2013-06-13

摘要:

为对大范围区域斜坡的稳定性进行有效、定量的评价,提出一个耦合二维力学分析模型的区域斜坡稳定性评价方法。选择宝鸡市金台区的一段黄土沟谷作为研究区,对文章提出的方法进行验证。首先,利用GIS实现斜坡单元的划分;然后,利用钻探及调查得到的地层数据形成区域的多层Grid模型;在此基础上,开发程序,完成计算剖面生成、滑面搜索、稳定性评价等工作;最后,根据各单元的稳定性系数,生成区域斜坡稳定性分区图。这种方法以二维极限平衡方法为基础,即可得到研究区域的二维安全系数分布图,又可求得最危险滑动面的位置和规模。

关键词: 黄土滑坡, 稳定性分析, GIS

Abstract:

Landslide is one of the most damaging natural hazards in China, thus landslide susceptibility mapping plays an important role in disaster prevention. Probability-based analysis is the most popular method to evaluate a wide range of natural slope instability risk. But the applications of it are limiting factor for lack of landslides data. In order to evaluate a wide range of natural slope instability risk effectively and quantitatively, this article presents a new method which evaluate regional slope instability risk, combining with two-dimensional mechanical analysis model and Geographic Information System (GIS) method. Firstly, a region is divided into a group of slope zones according to the terrain condition by using watershed hydrology analysis method in GIS. The location of main section line of each slope zone is set according to its average slope inclination and angle. A series of possible sliding surfaces are formed and the minimum safety factor of every slope zone is calculated based on two-dimensional mechanical analysis model. On the basis of calculation results, slope risk zoning map is drawn. A loess gully region in Jintai District of Baoji City, Shaanxi Province, China, is selected as the study area. The proposed method is verified. First of all, the topographic map is changed into a digital elevation model, with the planar range is 3 km×4 km and grid size is 10 m. According to the process mentioned above, the area is divided into 76 zones using hydrology tools. Secondly, the grid layers of strata interfaces are interpolated with the data of stratums, which is obtained from drilling and investigation. And then, geologic model of this area is set up using multi grid layers method. Thirdly, a regional stability evaluation program is developed according to the stability factor of each unit. It can read files in GIS formats, extract sections automatically, access stability, and convert the results into GIS data. Finally, with this program, calculation profile of every zone is generated automatically and the minimum safety factor of every profile is figured out by using 2D Bishop simplified method. The coefficients of the zones are sorted into four groups. According to the groups, regional slope risk zoning map is drawn. The method proposed in this paper is based on two-dimensional limit equilibrium method, which is the most commonly used in engineering. It can obtain not only the distribution map of safety coefficient, but also the scale and location of most dangerous slip surface. The method and program are used in seismic geological disasters assessment in Baoji City, and good results have been obtained. This study provides a new way to evaluate natural slope risk of large area.

Key words: loess landslide, stability analysis, GIS

中图分类号: 

  • P642.22