地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 251-256.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.02.251

• • 上一篇    

GIS高等教育空间结构演变及研究取向分析

罗明良1(), 汤国安2   

  1. 1.西华师范大学国土资源学院,四川 南充 637009
    2.南京师范大学虚拟地理环境教育部重点实验室,江苏 南京210046
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-15 修回日期:2012-05-26 出版日期:2013-02-20 发布日期:2013-02-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:罗明良(1978-),男,河南信阳人,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究GIS空间分析等。E-mail: lominlean@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41101348)、四川省科技厅应用基础研究规划项目(2010JY0089)及四川省教育厅自然科学重点项目(09ZA120)资助

Spatial Pattern and Research Directions of the Specialties in GIS Higher Education in China

Ming-liang LUO1(), Guo-an TANG2   

  1. 1. Land and Resources College, China West Normal University,Nanchong, Sichuan 637009,China
    2. Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment of Ministry of Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210046,China
  • Received:2011-11-15 Revised:2012-05-26 Online:2013-02-20 Published:2013-02-20

摘要:

综合地图学与地理信息系统(GIS)普通高等院校高考招生信息及研究生招生简章,对GIS硕士及博士点方向的学科取向特征及GIS高等教育的省际空间结构演化进行研究。结果表明,国内GIS研究布局侧重空间数据分析与建模、GIS设计与应用两大模块;GIS数据采集、管理、地理信息服务有所涉及;在GIS研究前端如GIS空间认知、地理信息本体,及GIS拓展延伸的软科学问题上投入力量不足。综合硕士点、博士点及GIS专业本科招生高校信息,以省域为基本统计单元,基于重力模型分析其空间结构特征。结果显示,2005~2008年,GIS高层次教育发展迅速,国家尺度上形成北京市、江苏省两大中心;区域尺度上2005年与2008年差异明显,广东、云南步湖北、四川、甘肃及吉林之后成为新的区域性GIS教育中心,全国六大区域GIS教育中心初步形成。

关键词: GIS高等教育, 研究领域, 空间结构, 重力模型

Abstract:

This article focused spatial pattern and research directions of the specialties in GIS. The GIS research in China mainly focused on spatial data analysis and modeling, GIS design and application. GIS data acquisition, management and geographic information services have called the researchers’ attention, while essential problems were in lack of strenth, like GIS spatial cognition research, geographical information ontology, and the other soft science issues. Based on the information of universities offered bachelor, master and doctoral degree, gravity model was used to analyze the spatial structure of GIS hihger education in China. From 2005 to 2008, GIS high-level education developed rapidly. The ratio among universities offered bachelor, master and doctoral degree increased from 7:4:1 to 5:3:1. Universities which offer master degree and doctoral degree increased quite faster than any other period. In 2005 there is only one GIS education center of Beijing in national scale while two of Beijing and Jiangsu. In regional scale there are five GIS education centers, which are Beijing, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Gansu and Guangdong in 2005, while six in 2008, which are Beijing, Jiangsu, Jilin, Sichuan, Gansu and Hubei.

Key words: GIS higher education, research directions, spatial structure, gravity model

中图分类号: 

  • G64