地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 378-384.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.03.378

• • 上一篇    

基于MODIS反演祁连山七一冰川雪粒径

郭忠明1(), 王宁练1, 毛瑞娟1, 武小波1, 王盛1, 蒋熹2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
    2. 南京信息工程大学大气科学学院 气象灾害省部共建教育部重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210044
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-21 修回日期:2012-08-20 出版日期:2013-03-20 发布日期:2013-01-31
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:郭忠明(1985-),女,陕西宝鸡人,博士研究生,主要从事冰冻圈遥感研究。E-mail:guoguo_2004@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    全球变化研究重大科学研究计划(2010CB951404)、国家自然科学基金重点项目(40930526)和国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(40901041)资助

Retrieved of Snow Grain Size from MODIS Over Qiyi Glacier, Qilian Mountain

Zhong-ming GUO1(), Ning-lian WANG1, Rui-juan MAO1, Xiao-bo WU1, Sheng WANG1, Xi JIANG2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryophilic Science, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210044, China
  • Received:2012-05-21 Revised:2012-08-20 Online:2013-03-20 Published:2013-01-31

摘要:

基于MODIS 500 m分辨率数据,利用MODTRAN 4+模型和可见光波段、近红外波段的波段比方法反演雪粒径,建立1个消融期内的雪粒径变化的时间序列,通过采集七一冰川上设立的观测点对应时间段内雪粒径验证MODIS模拟的雪粒径值,结合位于观测点附近的气象站的气温数据,探讨气温对雪粒径的影响。结果表明,雪粒径的增长存在着明显的日变化趋势;模拟的雪粒径普遍高于实测的雪粒径值, 因此反演模型需要约为1.1倍的校正因子;气温对雪粒径的影响显著。

关键词: 雪粒径, MODIS, 反演, 时间变化, 温度

Abstract:

The 500 m resolution Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) L1B scenes over Qiyi glacier, Qilian Mountain is used to estimate the snow grain size. The retrieval is based on ratios of near-infrared albedo to visible albedo which predicts snow reflectance as a function of snowpack grain size and ice absorption. “Bow-tie” effects were removed by the ENVI software. Atmospheric effects are taken into account and corrected through the MODTRAN4+ model. By this approach snow optical grain size was determined by the volume-to-surface area ratio on account of non-oriented spheroids produce the same scattering results as spheres. The time series analysis of derived grain size shows a good sensitivity to snow melting and snow precipitation events. This inversion technique has been validated using a combination of ground-based grain size measurements derived from the handle lenses which measure the snow grain size over the top 1 cm layer. The retrievals correlate well with measurements when radii is in range of -0.1-1 mm, although retrieved optical snow grain size general is lower than physical measured grain size ,the model may be need about a factor of 1.1. As part of validation analysis for the Qiyi glacier, the retrieved snow grain size from MODIS over selected sites in the period of September 7-15 in 2011 was compared to the temperature measurement of the automatic weather station near the selected sites. The relationship between the measured snow grain size, simulated snow grain size and average temperature patterns suggests that rapid destructive metamorphism of the fresh snow occurred when temperatures were near 0℃, once temperatures were higher than 0℃ and kept for a long time, the snow particle size change was evident, snow particle size increased significantly, and vice versa. But in this prossess, snow particle size also existed evolution process of deformation; snow particle size and temperature showed significantly positive correlation. The future work is to study the better cloud mask algorithm to remove the cloud effects and build the long and continuous time series of the snow grain size.

Key words: snow grain size, MODIS, temporal change, temperature

中图分类号: 

  • K903