地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 418-426.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.04.418

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农村劳动力转移就业空间决策过程研究——以合肥市为例

赵春雨(), 苏勤, 李飞, 田艳争   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241003
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-11 修回日期:2012-12-14 出版日期:2013-04-20 发布日期:2013-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵春雨(1975-),女,安徽合肥人,副教授,博士研究生,主要从事劳动力地理和产业地理研究。E-mail:chyzh876@mail.ahnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41101167)资助

The Spatial Choice of The Employment Transference of the Rural Labors: A Case Study of Hefei City

Chun-yu ZHAO(), Qin SU, Fei LI, Yan-zheng TIAN   

  1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241003, China
  • Received:2012-05-11 Revised:2012-12-14 Online:2013-04-20 Published:2013-04-20

摘要:

从农村劳动力的微观主体视角,通过转移就业动机、环境认知与决策方式的路径分析,探讨了农村劳动力转移就业的空间决策过程及其内部关系,揭示了其空间决策机制。对合肥市的实证表明,农村劳动力的就业动机对环境认知有显著正向影响,就业地距离对决策方式有显著正向影响,就业地形象对决策方式有一定的负向影响,其它环境认知对决策方式没有显著影响,进而提出了促进农村劳动力有效转移的对策。

关键词: 农村劳动力, 转移就业, 空间决策, 合肥市

Abstract:

The spatial choice of the employment transference of the rural labors is influenced not only by the economic utility factors but also by the individual subjective cognition. This article, from the microcosmic perspective of rural labor force, discusses the process of this spatial decision and its internal relationship and reveals its spatial decision-making mechanism through the path analysis of transferring employment motivation, environment cognition and decision methods. The spatial choice process of rural labor’s employment transference is divided into three stages: motive produce, environmental cognitive and decision-making forms. The case study of Hefei City shows: the motives of the rural labor force’s employment have been transferred from seeking pure income to pursuing comprehensive development. The rural labor forces think that Hefei is a city with fast economic development, good education and science and technology development and good transportation business facilities, close to their homes, and its environment is easy to adapt to, but its most labor intensity is big, and the income is low. The initiative of rural labor’s employment transference decision has surpassed the passivity. This study creates a causal relationship model among employment motives, environment cognition and the way of decision to better help understand the psychological process of the rural labor’s decisions of employment transference. The case study shows: firstly, the clearer the rural labor’s transferring employment motivation, the clearer their cognition of the significant positive influence on the environment, which improves the rural labor force’s expectations to transfer their employment and to resident in the city and helps them make better employment transference; secondly, while other influences of environmental cognition on decision-making method are not significant, the distance of employment has significant positive impact on decision-making, and the image of employment place has negative influence on decision-making, which shows that the decision’s initiative is influenced more directly by such factors as distance and image; and therefore, to improve the construction of the city where rural labor force have crowded in and to improve the urban employment image will help effectively transfer the rural labor force. The main disadvantages of this study are: the concepts and effective measurement about the environment cognition and decision mode still need more theoretical support and future’s further proof, and the only one-way causal relationship from motivation to environment cognitive and to decision has been validated while other relationships still need to be further validated.

Key words: rural labor force, employment transference, spatial choice, Hefei City

中图分类号: 

  • C922