地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 427-434.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.04.427

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风景区毗邻社区居民旅游感知和态度的差异及机制研究 ——以黄山市汤口镇为例

尹寿兵1,2(), 刘云霞2   

  1. 1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,旅游发展与规划研究中心,广东 广州 510275
    2.安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,旅游发展与规划研究中心,安徽 芜湖 241002
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-18 修回日期:2012-12-13 出版日期:2013-04-20 发布日期:2013-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:尹寿兵(1978-),男,安徽和县人,讲师,博士研究生。主要研究方向:区域发展与旅游规划。E-mail:ysblyx@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171111)、安徽省教育厅人文社科重点研究基地项目(SK2012B561)和安徽师范大学培育项目(2011xmpy012)资助

Difference and Mechanism of Residents' Perceptions and Attitudes Adjacent to Scenic Spot: A Case Study of Tangkou Town, Huangshan City

Shou-bing YIN1,2(), Yun-xia LIU2   

  1. 1. Geography and Planning School, Center for Tourism Planning & Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275, China
    2. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Center for Tourism Planning & Research, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu ,Anhui 241002, China
  • Received:2012-10-18 Revised:2012-12-13 Online:2013-04-20 Published:2013-04-20

摘要:

居民感知和态度是居民对旅游发展最直观的评价。因异质性因素的影响,旅游地居民的感知和态度会存在差异。已有研究成果表明,在较大空间尺度内,距离因素是居民感知和态度差异的重要解释变量。为了研究小尺度空间内居民感知和态度的异质性因素,以毗邻黄山风景区的4个社区为例进行实证研究。通过问卷调查和深入访谈发现,社区居民在旅游发展期望,对旅游经济、生活环境和社会文化积极和消极影响的感知均存在一定的差异性。从区位、社区和风景区3个方面梳理毗邻社区旅游发展历程发现,距离风景区的相对区位、社区组织介入资源开发和协调利益分配的能力,以及风景区治理模式的变迁共同影响了社区旅游发展和居民旅游收益,导致了居民旅游感知和态度的差异。研究结论显示,相对于区位条件和风景区治理模式等外在因素,毗邻社区需要充分发挥社区组织的能动作用,促进社区与风景区协调发展。

关键词: 居民感知和态度, 毗邻社区, 黄山风景区, 汤口镇

Abstract:

Residents' perceptions and attitudes is the most intuitive evaluation of tourism development, there will be differences in perceptions and attitudes of residents due to heterogeneity factors. Existing research results show that, the distance factor is an important explanatory variable causing differences of the residents' perceptions and attitudes within the larger spatial scales. In order to study on the heterogeneity of factors causing the differences of residents' perceptions and attitudes in the small scale spatial, this article adopts a case study of the four communities adjacent to Huangshan Scenic Spot for empirical research: Through questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews, it is found that there are certain differences in the perception of the tourism economy, living environment and social and cultural positive and negative effects of community residents in tourism development. From the aspects of the location, community and scenic spot, it is found that the relative location, community organizations involved in resource development of the scenic spot and the ability to coordinate the distribution of benefits, as well as governance mode changes of scenic spot are combinative effecting the tourism development of adjacent community and community benefits which are resulting in the differences of residents' perceptions and attitudes towards tourism. The research findings show that relative to extrinsic factors as the geographic conditions and scenic spot governance mode, the community need to give full play to the dynamic role of community organizations in community, to promot coordinate development of communities and scenic spot.

Key words: residents' perceptions and attitudes, community adjacent to scenic spot, Huangshan Scenic Spot, Tangkou town

中图分类号: 

  • K901