地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 450-456.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.04.450

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1997~2010年中部六省入境旅游流集散时空动态分析

刘军胜(), 马耀峰(), 李振亭   

  1. 陕西师范大学 旅游与环境学院, 陕西 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-05 修回日期:2012-12-04 出版日期:2013-04-20 发布日期:2013-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘军胜(1986-),男,河南开封人,硕士,主要从事旅游市场开发与规划研究。E-mail: liujs526@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41271158、41201148)、西安市社会科学基金(12T35)资助

The Spatio-temporal Dynamics Evolution of the Concentration and Diffusion of Inbound Tourist Flows in Six Provinces of Central China in 1997-2010

Jun-sheng LIU(), Yao-feng MA(), Zhen-ting LI   

  1. College of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi′an, Shaaxi 710062
  • Received:2012-05-05 Revised:2012-12-04 Online:2013-04-20 Published:2013-04-20

摘要:

基于1997~2010年入境旅游统计数据及入境旅游抽样调查数据,运用入境游客转移数量模型、入境旅游流空间集中指数、入境旅游流转移态矩阵,从共时性与历时性2方面分析了山西、河南、湖北、湖南、安徽、江西6省入境旅游流集散演变过程,并对中部六省入境旅游流时空差异化进行对比分析。研究表明:中部六省集聚与扩散指数均呈现波动演变趋势;江西省入境旅游流集聚能力及外部依赖性最强、河南省次之、山西省为第三位、湖北省为第四位、安徽省为第五位、湖南省为第六位;安徽省入境旅游流扩散能力及外部依赖性最强、山西省为第二位、江西省为第三位、湖南省为第四位、湖北省为第五位、河南省为第六位;中部六省是北京、上海、广东三大入境口岸旅游流扩散的重要“二次目的地”;北京、上海、广东三大入境口岸是中部六省入境旅游流集聚的重要“二次客源地”;入境旅游流不仅存在“东-西”递进演化规律,中部六省内部之间同样存在入境旅游流集聚与扩散现象,资源禀赋效应与距离衰减规律仍然发挥作用;中部六省入境旅游流集聚来源地与扩散目的地区域具有显著的互动效应。

关键词: 入境旅游流, 集聚与扩散, 时空演变, 中部六省

Abstract:

Based on statistical data of inbound tourism and sampling information of inbound tourists from 1997 to 2010 provided by National Tourism Administration of China, using models such as transfer-quantity of inbound tourists, spatial concentrated index and transfer matrix of inbound tourist flows, the inbound tourists flows distribution evolution process of Shanxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui, Jiangxi provinces is analyzed spatially and temporally. The results show that: the inbound tourists concentration and diffusion index are fluctuated evolution tendency in six provinces of central China. From the view of the inbound tourists concentration ability and external dependence, Jiangxi Province enjoys the highest capability, followed by Henan, Shanxi, Hubei, Anhui and Hunan by turn. For the inbound tourists diffusion ability and external dependence, Anhui enjoys the highest capability, followed by Shanxi, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei and Henan by turn. The six provinces of central China are still the secondary destinations of the inbound tourism of Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangdong spreading; Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong are the secondary destinations of inbound tourism concentration in the six provinces of central China. The inbound tourists flow from east to west, and there exists the inbound tourists concentration and diffusion among the six provinces of central China, where the tourism resources and the distance attenuation still play a role on the inbound tourists flow. The inbound tourism flows concentration source and diffusion destination in the six provinces of central China has significantly interactive.

Key words: inbound tourism flows, concentration and diffusion, spatial and temporal evolution, six provinces of central China

中图分类号: 

  • F590