地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 562-569.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.05.562

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超大城市“新三化”的时空耦合协调性分析——以中国十大城市为例

张旺1,2(), 周跃云1(), 胡光伟3   

  1. 1.湖南工业大学长株潭两型社会研究院,湖南 株洲 412007
    2.首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院,北京 100048
    3.湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,湖南 长沙 410081
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-08 修回日期:2013-03-14 出版日期:2013-05-20 发布日期:2013-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 张旺(1974-),男,湖南岳阳人,博士研究生,助理研究员,主要从事城市与区域规划、资源环境与可持续发展等方面研究。E-mail: zhangwang0902@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    湖南省教育厅一般科研项目(12C0082)、湖南省研究生科研创新项目(CX2012B210)资助

Coupling Mechanism and Space-time Coordination of New-approach Urbanization, New-approach Industrialization and Service Industry Modernization in Megacity Behemoths: A Case Study of Ten Cities in China

Wang ZHANG1,2(), Yue-yun ZHOU1(), Guang-wei HU3   

  1. 1.Institute of Two Oriented Society in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan, Hunan University of Technology, Zhuzhou, Hunan 412007, China
    2.College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing,100048, China
    3.College of Resource and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan 410081, China
  • Received:2012-10-08 Revised:2013-03-14 Online:2013-05-20 Published:2013-05-20

摘要:

新型城市化、新型工业化与服务业现代化(“新三化”)三者之间有着相互依赖、协调和促进的耦合互动关系,它们的良性共振是城市可持续发展的必要条件之一。在阐述“新三化”耦合协调的涵义基础上,构建了1套指标体系,采用全局主成分分析法计算了其“新三化”的发展水平;再运用耦合度和协调性模型,对2004~2010年10个超大城市“新三化”的时空协调规律进行了实证分析,研究结论是:① 一线城市的“新三化”水平明显高于二线城市,特别是北京、上海和广州分列前三。② 各市耦合均处于颉颃阶段,基本上属于粗放水平,其中6市的耦合协调性均处于中等水平,一线城市的耦合协调性高于二线城市。③ 就时序性来说,各市的耦合度出现波动变化,而协调性基本处于上升趋势,二线城市协调性上升的速度要快于一线城市。④ 就空间分异性而论,各市的耦合协调组合状况与其发展水平存在一定的空间对应性,即一线城市优于二线城市。

关键词: 新型城市化, 新型工业化, 服务业现代化, 耦合度

Abstract:

The relationship of new-approach urbanization, new-approach industrialization and service industry modernization is coupling interaction, intercoordination and mutual promotion. Their benign resonating is one of the essential conditions on urban sustainable development. On the base of elaboration the coupling coordinated implication about new-approach urbanization, new-approach industrialization and service industry modernization, a set of indicator system was constructed. Then all-around principle component analysis method was used to count the indexes of new-approach urbanization, new-approach industrialization and service industry modernization. Then the coupling degree model was put forward. Lastly the empirical analysis of space-time coordination rules about Chinese ten cities in 2004-2010 was carried on. The findings is that: 1) the levels of new-approach urbanization, new-approach industrialization and service industry modernization in the first-tier cities were higher than those of the second-tier urban, especially Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou being the top 3; 2) the couplings of cities with various tiers were at the resisting stage, basically belong to the extensive level; 3) on the succession, various urban coupling coordination degrees were in the trend of escalation, but the coupling degree change was not steady but fluctuating. The escalation speed of the second-tier urban coordination was quickly than those of first-tier ones. 4) Speaking of spatial differentiation, various urban coupling coordination had spatial correspondence with their synthetical development level in the some degree, and the level of urban coupling coordination degree in first-tier urban were higher than those of the second-tier ones.

Key words: new-approach urbanization, new-approach industrialization, service industry modernization, coupling degree

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1