地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 570-575.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.05.570

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中越通婚中越南女性的空间排斥研究——以云南省河口县桥头村为例

万蕙1,2(), 朱竑1,3()   

  1. 1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州 510275
    2.华南农业大学人文与法学学院,广东 广州 510642
    3.华南师范大学文化地理与文化产业研究中心,广东 广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-16 修回日期:2013-03-17 出版日期:2013-05-20 发布日期:2013-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:万蕙(1982-),女,湖北省武汉人,博士研究生,主要从事文化地理学研究。E-mail: mamhei82@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171125、41261031、41201137)资助

Spatial Exclusion of Vietnamese Brides in Sino-Vietnam Cross-border Marriages: A Case Study of Qiaotou Village in Yunnan

Hui WAN1,2(), Hong ZHU1,3()   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275,China
    2.School of Humanities and Law, South China Agriculture University, Guangzhou,Guangdong 510642,China
    3. Center for Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou,Guangdong 510631 ,China
  • Received:2012-10-16 Revised:2013-03-17 Online:2013-05-20 Published:2013-05-20

摘要:

随着“文化转向”和“空间转向”思潮的推进,地理空间被赋予了主观色彩,并参与到社会意识形态的建构中。其研究从宏观尺度转向微观,更关注“另类群体”在小尺度场域中被主流社会排斥而游走“边缘”的事项。中越边境地区存在大量跨国通婚现象,缺失合法身份的越南女性在日常生活实践中往往被排斥在主流社会之外。社会排斥理论起源于20世纪90年代欧洲对社会不平等现象的研究,如今它已经成为解释诸多社会问题的一个核心概念。采用定性研究方法,以云南省河口县桥头行政村为研究案例地,探讨微观尺度下越南女性配偶遭遇社会排斥的空间表现。研究发现:① 越南女性的活动在公共空间内受到限制;② 越南女性和本土居民在当地形成了“他者”和“我者”两相对立的空间;③ 劣势的家屋空间方位对越南女性的社会排斥有加剧作用。研究对于丰富微观空间层面的社会排斥理论与实证研究有一定借鉴作用。

关键词: 社会排斥, 中越边境, 越南女性配偶, 跨国通婚

Abstract:

With the development of the thoughts of “cultural turn” and “spatial turn”, geographic space has been subjectivized and has participated in the construction of social ideology. Its research perspective, from macroscopic to microscopic, focuses more on “offbeat groups” who are excluded and marginalized by the mainstream society in a micro-scale domain. It has been a long time since the interaction and the intermarriage between the nationals across the Sino-Vietnam border due to their geographical proximity and ethnic and cultural similarities. The number of the transnational marriages in this area has increases annually since China and Vietnam successively carried out the “Reform and Opening-up” policy, especially after the normalization of the Sino-Vietnam relations in 1991. The Vietnamese brides, due to the lack of legal status, are often excluded from the mainstream society in the everyday life. The Social Exclusion Theory, developed in Europe in the 1990s, originated in the study of social inequality and now has become a core concept of interpreting various social problems. This article, with the Qiaotou administrative village of Hekou County, Yunnan Province as the location for case study and with a qualitative research method, in a micro-spatial scale explores the social exclusion suffered by the Vietnamese brides. The researchers investigated in January 2012 and August 2012 respectively 10 Vietnamese brides on the spots of 7 villages. The research findings are shown as follows: 1) Without legal status, the Vietnamese brides have no access to buying train tickets and to checking in at hotels, which make their activities restricted in the terms of public space; 2) The Vietnamese brides and the indigenous villagers, being “Others” and “Subjects” respectively in “place”, form two opposed “spaces”. The Vietnamese brides, without citizenship and excluded from the village’s public space, have no access to the village’s political affairs and social activities. Even worse, the Vietnamese brides are monitored by the indigenous villagers who try to prevent them from escaping, which makes them live in a situation somewhat similar to “Panopticon” proposed by Jerome Bentham and developed by Michel Foucault. 3) The inferior spatial position of the Vietnamese brides’ houses worsens the social exclusion of the Vietnamese brides. The spatial analysis of a house owned by an indigenous villager who married a Vietnamese bride reveals that the spatial marginalization caused by the house being on the edge of the village—an inferior spatial position, hinders the communications between the Vietnamese brides and the indigenous villagers. This study reveals that the spatial exclusion of the Vietnamese brides are due to their lack of legal status, economic inferiority and stigmatization imposed by the public opinions. This study enriches, in terms of the micro-space, both the Social Exclusion Theory and its related empirical research.

Key words: social exclusion, Sino-Vietnam border, Vietnamese bride, transnational marriage

中图分类号: 

  • K901