地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (7): 779-788.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.07.779

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长江三角洲地区城市全球化进程的时空差异分析——基于两省一市的实证研究

王聪1,2(), 曹有挥1, 姚士谋1, 刘可文1,2, 王丽1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊所, 江苏 南京 210008
    2.中国科学院研究生院,中国 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-16 修回日期:2013-03-05 出版日期:2013-07-20 发布日期:2013-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王 聪(1985-),女, 山东济宁人,博士研究生,主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail: hicongcong@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-339)资助

Spatial Difference of Urban Globalization Process in Changjiang River Delta Region: A Case Study of Two Provinces and One City

Cong WANG1,2(), You-hui CAO1, Shi-mou YAO1, Ke-wen LIU1,2, Li WANG1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-04-16 Revised:2013-03-05 Online:2013-07-20 Published:2013-07-20

摘要:

以长江三角洲地区(包括江苏、浙江和上海全部的25个地级以上城市)为研究对象,从经济联系、人员流动、信息交流、政府合作4个方面评估了长三角地区全球化进程的时空差异以及不同城市之间的依赖性和空间自相关特征,并对不同指标的变化进行了深入探讨。研究表明:受2001年加入世贸组织和2010年上海成功举办世博会的积极影响,以及2003年全国非典和2008年金融危机的消极影响,该区域全球化程度表现出了不同阶段性的特征。从时间序列来看,2000~2009年,长三角地区全球化发展表现为加速上升、稳步上升和相对平稳的发展过程,但不同指标表现出各自不同的特征。从空间格局来看,长三角地区的全球化程度从比较集中逐渐向较为合理的均衡方向发展,后进区域提升较快,全球化影响下的城市体系更趋合理。从作用机制分析,市场和行政因素共同推动着城市的全球化进程。

关键词: 长江三角洲地区, 城市全球化, 时空差异

Abstract:

Globalization is not a one-way and homogeneous process, but the state of multi-dimension and the co-exist development in integration and fragmentation. Along with the global flow of capital, the global expansion of multinational corporations and the formation of world production network, globalization has become an important driving force to promote and shape the development of urban areas. However, the current study of urban regions more focuses on the function and nature of large cities, less mentions the spatio-temporal intra-regional transformation of globalization process, in the meantime, indicators involved in the study mainly concentrate in more urban economic function and less composite indicators. With the development of the integration of the world economy, urban regions, taking metropolitan area as the core region, is increasingly becoming a basic spatial unit of global competition, the spatio-temporal evolution and spatial disparity of globalization process of the specific space is particularly important. Over the past decades, the globalization development of some cities in China has made rapid development, more and more world urban researchers have become increasingly concerned about the globalization development of cities and regions in China and other developing countries. At the same time, as the country's largest urban agglomerations, the Changjiang River Delta is in a position of the forefront of China's participation in economic globalization, and is more sensitive and directly affected by the impact of external economy. In the light of above studies, regarding the Changjiang River Delta as the research object, including Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai, for a total of 25 prefecture-level cities, the article builds the index system from 4 aspects of economic contact, personnel flow, information communication and government cooperation, considering existing studies on the globalization index, combined with the concept of world cities and global cities, as well as the stage of global development in the Changjiang River Delta. Based on the index system above, the article assesses the spatio-temporal differences and dependence between different cities and spatial autocorrelation characteristics of globalization process of the Changjiang River Delta, and more importantly, spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of the different indicators are analyzed in detail. The results show that subject to the positive impact of accession to the WTO in 2001 and Shanghai World Expo held successfully in 2010, the negative impact of SARS in 2003 and the financial crisis in 2008, the globalization of the Changjiang River Delta expresses the characteristics of different stages. From the time series from 2000 to 2009, the performance of the globalization process showed accelerated increasing, steady rising and downward trend, but the different indicators showed different characteristics. From the spatial pattern, the globalization of the Changjiang River Delta gradually tend to be a balanced development of more reasonable from more concentrated state, backward regions develop quickly, and urban system is more reasonable under the influence of globalization. Using analytical methods of ESDA and Getis-Ord Gi*, the findings are that, the globalization process of the inter-county exhibits a strong dependence on the spatial concentration. Meanwhile, it is found that market and administrative jointly promote the process of globalization.

Key words: Changjiang River Delta, urban globalization, the spatio-temporal difference

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9