地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (7): 789-796.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.07.789

• • 上一篇    下一篇

江苏省污染密集型产业空间转移及影响因素

仇方道1(), 蒋涛2, 张纯敏1, 单勇兵1   

  1. 1. 江苏师范大学城市与环境学院,江苏 徐州 221116
    2. 江苏师范大学商学院,江苏 徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-21 修回日期:2013-03-04 出版日期:2013-07-20 发布日期:2013-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:仇方道(1970-),男,江苏丰县人,教授,博士,主要从事区域规划与区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: qiufangdao@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40971081)、教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(11YJA630008)、江苏省社会科学基金项目(10GLD016)、江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究重点项目(2011ZDIXM055)资助

Spatial Relocation and Mechanism of Pollution-intensive Industries in Jiangsu Province

Fang-dao QIU1(), Tao JIANG2, Chun-min ZHANG1, Yong-bing SHAN1   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, China
    2. Business School, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, China
  • Received:2012-10-21 Revised:2013-03-04 Online:2013-07-20 Published:2013-07-20

摘要:

污染密集型产业空间转移规律及其动力机制研究正在成为区域可持续发展研究的热点领域之一。利用2000~2010年江苏省13个省辖市的统计数据,运用空间分析及面板数据分析模型,探讨该省污染密集型产业空间转移特征及作用机制。结果发现:江苏省依然是国际污染密集型产业的承接地,其污染密集型产业分布呈现以苏锡常地区为核心向外围逐渐下降的“核心-边缘”型空间格局,并显示出“扩散-集聚-扩散”的空间演化趋势,苏北地区正在成为苏南地区的“污染避难所”;发展阶段和实际利用外资是江苏省承接污染密集型产业的主要因素,实际利用外资是实现污染密集型产业向江苏转移的主要形式;技术创新、产业结构是驱动污染密集型产业由苏南、苏中向苏北转移的主要因素;政府调控是影响污染密集型产业转移的主要手段。因此,应通过加大产业结构转型升级和技术创新力度、改善政府调控、加强环境监管等措施促进污染密集型产业布局优化。

关键词: 污染密集型产业, 产业空间转移, 江苏省

Abstract:

The spatial relocation of pollution-intensive industries and its associated mechanism are becoming increasingly hot in regional sustainable development. Using a statistical panel data, the characteristics of spatial relocation of pollution-intensive industries in Jiangsu are explored, and further, the mechanism of it is discussed, based on the spatial analysis and statistical modeling. Three important findings are gotten. First, the pollution-intensive industries demonstrated a downward trend in the industrial system of Jiangsu Province in the last 10 years. Spatially, the pollution-intensive industries gradually moved from Jiangsu’s core areas. More specifically, the growth rate of pollution-intensive industries originally followed a pattern of South Jiangsu>Middle Jiangsu>North Jiangsu, however, in the most recent years, this pattern has changed to North Jiangsu>Middle Jiangsu>South Jiangsu. The proportion of pollution-intensive industry in South Jiangsu increased in early years but then decreased. In middle Jiangsu and North Jiangsu, it increased slowly in early years but recently accelerated. Second, before 2005, the concentration ratio of pollution-intensive in most cities along the Changjiang River increased, however, that of the cities of North Jiangsu decreased. After 2005, Jiangsu Province adopted a policy of accelerating the development of North Jiangsu, and many pollution-intensive industries were relocated from South Jiangsu to North Jiangsu. These pollution-intensive industries include Textile Industry, Paper Making and Paper Product, Oil Processing, Coking and Nuclear Fuel Processing, Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products, Chemical Fiber Manufacturing, Nonmetal Mineral Products and Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals. Spatially, the pollution-intensive industry demonstrated a pattern of decentralization, then centralization, and most recently returned to decentralization. Finally, Jiangsu Province undertakes the international pollution-intensive industries, while North Jiangsu is the "Pollution Haven" for pollution-intensive industries in South Jiangsu. Because North Jiangsu was at a preliminary industrialization stage, it became an undertaking area to attract foreign capital and to promote pollution-intensive industries. Technological innovation and the industrial structure policy are the other driving forces for the relocation of pollution-intensive industries from South Jiangsu to Middle Jiangsu, and then North Jiangsu. Government regulation affected the pollution-intensive industries as a primary mean of industrial relocation. In summary, industry upgrading, technological innovation, and improved government regulation which more focuses on environmental control, environmental monitoring, but other related measures are the primary means to optimize the spatial layout of pollution-intensive industries.

Key words: pollution-intensive industry, spatial relocation, Jiangsu Province

中图分类号: 

  • F403.3