地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (9): 1029-1036.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.09.1029

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区域发展中的路径创造和尺度政治——对广东惠州发展历程的解读

刘云刚(), 叶清露   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广东 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2012-06-04 修回日期:2012-12-27 出版日期:2013-09-20 发布日期:2016-05-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘云刚(1973-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,教授,主要从事城市地理学、政治地理学研究。E-mail:liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271165、41130747)、教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金(12YJAGJW007)资助

Path Creation with Politics of Scale in the Regional Development: A Case Study of Huizhou City

Yun-gang LIU(), Qing-lu YE   

  1. School of Geography Sciences and Planning, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, SUN Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China
  • Received:2012-06-04 Revised:2012-12-27 Online:2013-09-20 Published:2016-05-28

摘要:

从路径创造和尺度政治的复合视角对改革开放以来广东惠州的发展历程重新进行了梳理,探讨惠州区域发展中的路径依赖、路径创造及其中的尺度政治。惠州区域发展中存在由路径依赖到路径创造的转变,并且尺度政治是实现路径突破的主要策略。在惠州发展路径创造的尺度政治过程中,地方政府是主导尺度上推的能动主体,而中央政府则掌握着对尺度体系的控制权力。珠三角核心区利用自我强化的结构性作用建构尺度固定,形成相对稳定的区域劳动分工结构;而作为外围地区的惠州则动员外界组织、组建外部联盟进行尺度上推,并由此实现了发展路径的创造。广东惠州的案例研究发现边缘地区可以通过尺度政治的策略尝试打破由中心地区支配的非均衡发展状态,这一结论对于欠发达地区的发展实践及路径创造理论完善将起到积极的推动作用。

关键词: 路径创造, 路径依赖, 尺度政治, 区域发展, 惠州

Abstract:

In recent years, more scholars have taken the initiative to review the path dependence from the perspective of institutionalization. Attention has been paid on the possibility of path creation, which is characterized by real-time influence and mindful deviation. However, most of the behavioral researches remain in the level of theoretical discussion and model specification. This article takes Huizhou City, China as an example to empirically analyze the path dependence and path creation in the regional development since the reform and openning-yp which began in 1979. It reveals that there is path creation in Chinese regional development, and politics of scale is an important strategy to realize it. The path creation of Huizhou, which is in the Zhujiang River Delta, is actually a trial of local globalization—the scalar jumping from locality (rimland of the Zhujiang River Delta) to global (core area of the Zhujiang River Delta). In the process of regional politics of scale, the local government, which positively organizes locality to participate in politics of scale, is the active subject dominating the politics of scale, while the central government is the powerful third party in the politics of scale, holding the absolute controlling power of scalar system. With the construction of regional scalar fix, the core area of the Zhujiang River Delta forms stable regional division of labor system by the structural power of self-reinforcing. As a peripheral locality, Huizhou made use of “big project investment promotion” and “state-owned enterprise reform and investment promotion” for several times to mobilize large multinational enterprises, the news media and other outside groups to establish external alliance, so as to scale up and finally enter the core area. The case analysis of Huizhou in this article explains the dynamic operation system of “path creation”, and theorizes the phenomenon of rimland breaking the unbalanced development to the realization of path creation with politics of scale by the locality. At the same time, it provides theoretical reference and advices for the rimland to break the unbalanced development status, indicating that local globalization is the key for the rimland to scale up, and the rimland should position the locality in a global perspective and actively fight for the support from a third party to build the locality-global connection.

Key words: path creation, path dependence, politics of scale, regional development, Huizhou

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9