地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (9): 1037-1042.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.09.1037

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长三角区域一体化背景下城乡收入格局演变研究

宋伟轩, 陈雯, 彭颖   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏 南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-30 修回日期:2013-04-05 出版日期:2013-09-30 发布日期:2016-05-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:宋伟轩(1981-),男,吉林敦化人,助理研究员,博士,主要从事城市社会空间研究。E-mail: songweixuan@126.

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130750)、中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所引进人才启动项目(NIGLAS2012QD09)资助

Spatial Pattern of Urban-rural Income Under the Background of Regional Integration the Changjiang River Delta

Wei-xuan SONG, Wen CHEN, Ying PENG   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China
  • Received:2012-10-30 Revised:2013-04-05 Online:2013-09-30 Published:2016-05-28

摘要:

以长江三角洲地区74个县级地域单元1989~2011年城镇居民人均可支配收入、农村居民人均纯收入为资料,采用变异系数和马尔科夫链等方法分析长江三角洲地区收入格局的时空演变特征。结果表明:1989年以来,城镇收入的整体区域差异水平先升后降,农村收入区域差异则持续降低;城镇收入格局由以上海为中心的核心-边缘结构,转变为从沿海到内陆收入递减的地带式结构,一体化发展以后俱乐部增长趋同现象明显;农村收入格局渐趋均衡,高收入极化现象有所缓解,但低收入俱乐部向上移动困难;农村收入增长依托于城市,但增长速度相对落后,导致城乡差距持续拉大。

关键词: 长江三角洲, 区域一体化, 收入格局, 马尔科夫链, 俱乐部趋同

Abstract:

Along with the constant improvement of the integrated spatial development pattern in the Changjiang River Delta, the evolution of social and economic spatial pattern has become a hot spot field in the research on the integration of the Changjiang River Delta, but the attention is paid insufficiently to the income spatial pattern which can mostly reflect the living standard of integrated region. Analyzing the income pattern and spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of this region is beneficial for measuring the integration progress of the Changjiang River Delta region scientifically and comprehensively, and can provide a reference for other integrated development regions. Based on the data of urban residents’ per capita disposable income and rural residents’ per capital net income of 74 county-level regional units in the Changjiang River Delta region in 1989-2011, and by means of coefficient variation and Markov chain, etc., this article has analyzed the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of income pattern in the Changjiang River Delta. The result shows that, since 1989, 1) the overall regional difference of urban income has increased first and then decreased, while the regional difference of rural income has kept decreasing; 2) urban income pattern has transformed from the core-periphery structure with Shanghai as the center to the belt structure with income decreasing progressively from coastal areas to inland, and the club convergence, in terms of growth, has become obvious after integrated development; 3) rural income pattern has tended to be balanced gradually, the polarization of high income has been relieved somewhat, but it is difficult for low-income clubs to move upward; 4) rural income growth has depended on cities, but the growth rate is relatively slow, and this has resulted in the sustained enlarging of the income gap between urban and rural areas.

Key words: the Changjiang River Delta, regional integration, income spatial pattern, Markov chain, club convergence

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9