地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 60-66.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.01.60

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黄山风景区旅游气象灾害防御系统探析——以雷电监测预警系统为例

王金莲1(), 胡善风1, 刘安平2, 张俊香1   

  1. 1.黄山学院旅游学院,安徽 黄山 245021
    2.黄山风景区气象管理处,安徽 黄山 245800
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-02 修回日期:2013-10-15 出版日期:2014-01-10 发布日期:2014-01-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王金莲(1985-),女,安徽宣城人,硕士,助教,主要研究旅游资源开发。E-mail:wjl85@hsu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41071327)、黄山学院校级科研项目(2012xsk008)资助

The Tourism Meteorological Disasters Defense System in Huangshan Scenic Area—A Case Study of Lighting Monitoring and Early Warning System

Jin-lian WANG1(), Shan-feng HU1, An-ping LIU2, Jun-xiang ZHANG1   

  1. 1.Tourism Department of Huangshan University, Huangshan Anhui ,245021,China
    2.Huangshan Scenic Area Meteorological Management Agency, Huangshan Anhui ,245800
  • Received:2013-07-02 Revised:2013-10-15 Online:2014-01-10 Published:2014-01-10

摘要:

黄山风景区是集世界自然遗产、文化遗产和地质公园“三冠”于一体的海内外知名旅游风景区。然而,受山岳型气候条件的影响,黄山风景区旅游气象灾害频发,由此引起的地质灾害等,给旅游资源景观和旅游设施造成破坏,影响旅游活动的正常进行,甚至直接威胁旅游者的人身财产安全。为此,在分析旅游气象灾害对旅游业影响的基础上,结合黄山风景区旅游气象灾害的特点,构建了景区旅游气象灾害防御系统。该系统主要由旅游气象灾害监测系统,预警系统和防御系统三大体系组成。选取雷电监测预警系统为例,对其构建思路、预警流程、技术体系进行详细介绍,从而为山岳型景区旅游气象灾害的防治提供科学依据和参考借鉴。

关键词: 旅游气象灾害, 防御系统, 雷电监测, 雷电预警, 黄山风景区

Abstract:

Because of its sensitivity, vulnerability, tourism is affected by meteorological disasters even more obvious.Currently, academic research on disasters warning information mainly concentrates on tourism disasters or meteorological disasters, but rarely on tourism meteorological disasters and warning system. Because distinguished from tourism disasters and meteorological disasters, tourism meteorological disasters have unique characteristics, therefore, to build tourism meteorological disasters is necessary.Huangshan Scenic Area is a famous tourist scenic spot at home and abroad, which features world natural heritage, cultural heritage and Geological Park. However, affected by the mountain climate, Huangshan Scenic Area is frequently stricken by tourism meteorological disasters, and geological disasters caused by this damaged the tourism resources and facilities, which influenced the tourism activities and even threaten the tourists personal and property safety. Therefore, based on the analysis of the impact of tourism meteorological disasters and combined with the characteristics of tourism meteorological disasters in Huangshan scenic area, this paper constructs tourism meteorological disasters prevention system. The system is mainly composed of tourism meteorological disaster monitoring system, early warning system and professional defense system. Monitoring system is to monitor temperature, relative humidity, visibility, atmospheric electric field, precipitation, lightning location information; Early warning system consists of lightning warning, storm warning, snow warning, flash floods and drought and low temperature warning; Professional defense system includes flash floods and geological disasters special defense, snow and icy roads special defense, droughts meteorological special defense, lightning special defense system.Taking lightning monitoring and early warning system as an example, the paper introduced the ideas of the construction, process of early warning and technology system in detail so as to provide scientific basis and reference for prevention of meteorological disasters in mountain tourism scenic spot.

Key words: Tourism meteorological disaster, prevention system, lightning monitoring, lightning warning, Huangshan Scenic Area

中图分类号: 

  • F592