地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 192-197.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.02.192

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资源衰退型城市接续产业选择研究——以江西萍乡市为例

刘春燕(), 谢萍, 毛端谦   

  1. 江西师范大学地理与环境学院,鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室,江西 南昌 330022
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-16 修回日期:2013-08-19 出版日期:2014-02-10 发布日期:2014-02-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘春燕(1964-),女,河北唐山人,副教授,主要从事资源开发与利用等方面的教学与科研活动。E-mail:lcy200505@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    江西省社会科学规划研究项目((13SH09) 、鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室(江西师范大学)开放基金项目(PKGP2012014) 资助

Selection of the Superseded Industries of Resources Recession City: A Case of Pingxiang City

Chun-yan LIU(), Ping XIE, Duan-qian MAO   

  1. Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Wetland and Watershed Research, Ministry of Education,School of Geography and Environment, Jiangxi Normal University, Jiangxi, Nanchang 330022, China
  • Received:2013-05-16 Revised:2013-08-19 Online:2014-02-10 Published:2014-02-10

摘要:

资源型城市随着资源的不断衰竭以及在多年的发展中积累的矛盾日益暴露出来,其可持续发展面临严重挑战,如何选择接续替代产业的发展方向与路径是当前研究的前沿与热点。萍乡是一个以煤立市、典型的以传统资源型产业为主的工矿城市,目前产业发展主要存在产业结构单一、主体资源(煤炭)不断衰竭、生态环境问题日益严重和煤炭工人就业、再就业困难等问题。利用PCDL模型对萍乡市产业进行了定性与定量分析,结果表明:萍乡的工业化总体上处于中期阶段,但已出现向后期阶段过渡的明显特征;随着煤炭资源的不断枯竭,采掘业特别是煤炭开采和洗选业优势地位在下降,产业发展动力有所不足,产业发展已逐步由煤炭资源开始采转向其它资源及相关的加工制造业。因此,萍乡应着力于把中间品制造业和深加工制造业作为当前的接续产业。

关键词: 资源衰退型城市, 接续产业选择, 萍乡市

Abstract:

Resources-orientated cities has contributed a lot to our country's economic and social development,with declining resources and accumulation of contradictions increasingly exposed, now, in the process of regional development, such cities have become areas full of contradictory problems from every angle,and facing serious challenge of sustainable development.How to choose the development direction and path of superseded industries is the forefront of current research and hot spot.Pingxiang City, located in Jiangxi province, is a typical industrial and mining city whose leading industry is based on traditional resource exploitation. In 2008, State Council made it fixed that Pingxiang is one of the 12 resources depletion cities and districts in our country.There are many problems of its industrial development at present.it has a single industrial structure,give priority to the second industry,its main resource(coal)is shrinking ,the ecological environment problem is becoming more and more serious,and many coal workers are hardly to find a job or again employed. This article analyzed its industrials by qualitative and quantitative study through the model of PCDL,which is a consolidation analysis stage of industrialization, competitiveness of industry, drive for industrial development, and locus analysis, using the analysis results of four angles to make a final decision.By comparing the per capita of GDP dollars, value structure of three industries, proportion of employment in primary industry, four indicators of urbanization rate in Pingxiang with phasing standard put forward by scholars, we can conclude that Pingxiang generally at the middle stage of industrialization, but there has appears a obvious features that it is making the transition to late stage of industrialization; based on the statistical data of Pingxiang in 2010 and by adopting principal component analysis to do data processing, it can be inferred that with the continuous depletion of coal resources, the status of extractive industry, especially coal mining and washing industry, is declining;competitive industries are mainly manufacturing of intermediate goods; industrial development have gradually diverted to manufacturing of intermediate goods and deep processing, the adjustment of industrial structure has not made much significant contributions to the whole growth, Pingxiang has to strengthen its adjusting force of industrial structure; the thrust of industrial development is not strong enough and industrial development has progressively turned from exploitation of coal to other resources and relevant processing industries. Therefore, Pingxiang should focus on manufacturing, regard manufacturing of intermediate goods and deep processing manufacturing as current successive industries, and help Pingxiang achieve the adjustment of its resources-orientated economic structure to a manufacturing-orientated one.

Key words: resources recession city, selection of the superseded industries, Pingxiang City

中图分类号: 

  • F29