地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 385-393.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.04.385

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中国生产性服务业空间集聚特征与模式研究——基于地级市的实证分析

李佳洺1,2(), 孙铁山3, 张文忠1()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2013-03-02 修回日期:2013-04-16 出版日期:2014-04-10 发布日期:2014-04-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李佳洺(1984-), 男, 山西晋城人, 博士, 主要从事经济地理与区域发展研究。E-mail: lijiamingforever@yahoo.com.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230632)和国家社科基金重大项目(10zd&022)资助

Spatial Cluster Characteristics and Modes of Producer Services in China

Jia-ming LI1,2(), Tie-shan SUN3, Wen-zhong ZHANG1()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of science, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-03-02 Revised:2013-04-16 Online:2014-04-10 Published:2014-04-10

摘要:

2000年以后,中国生产性服务业高速发展,产业格局逐渐形成。利用2000年、2005年和2010年3个年份地级市行业从业人员的数据,通过区位基尼系数和空间自相关性分析,发现中国生产性服务业在地理空间中整体呈现点状集中的模式,进而对不同行业的集聚特点进行比较分析,认为信息服务业和商务服务业是首位城市集聚模式,科研技术服务业和房地产业是位序规模分布的模式,金融业则是均衡分布的模式。最后,结合主要城市行业的相对优势度分析,得出随着从业人员的增加,承担的生产性服务功能更加综合,符合中心地理论的特点,在省域和城市群内各城市具有较好的职能分工和互补性。

关键词: 生产性服务业, 空间集聚模式, 产业格局, 职能分工

Abstract:

In the past decade, rapid output growth and employment in the producer services of China have interested the academic sphere in spatial cluster and elaboration of locational theory concerning producer services' activities. The article examines spatial clusters and location characteristics of producer services in the Chinese urban system in the years 2000, 2005 and 2010. This study indicates that the location of cities of a large number of employments of service sectors is dispersed in China, comparing to geographical concentration of cities of developed manufacturing industry. Most of producer services experienced a spatially-centralization process in the period 2000-2010. However, there are different cluster modes in various service sectors. According to characteristics of industry agglomeration, these industries are classified into three modes, namely Primate City cluster mode, Rank-Size distribution mode and Balanced distribution mode. Primate City cluster mode means the largest city of industry have overwhelming employment scales, cluster characteristics of information service industry and business service industry. The number of employment of technology and science service industry as well as real estate in the largest cities is slightly more than other classes of cities. Thus these two industries are classified as Rank-Size distribution mode. Although the number of employment of finance and insurance service has increased in the first class cities, the largest city has no advantage of urban system and the number of employ is relatively balanced in urban system. Therefore, this industry is categorized as Balanced distribution mode. Moreover, the analysis of location quotient and scale of employment evidences there is positive correlation between amount of employment and the number of superiority functions. This means that distribution of producer services in China is in accordance with central place theory. Finally, the study also shows there are complementarities and division of labor among of cities in the same provinces and developed metropolitan regions.

Key words: producer services, the modes of spatial cluster, industrial pattern, the division of labor

中图分类号: 

  • F719