地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 656-663.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.06.656

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不同历史时期特殊事件影响下的城市空间结构演变研究——以天津市为例

, 渠涛1,2(), 张理茜3(), 武占云1   

  1. 1.中国社会科学院城市发展与环境研究所,北京 100005
    2.山东财经大学/区域经济研究院,山东 济南 250014
    3.中国科学院科技政策与管理科学研究所,北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-05 修回日期:2013-12-10 出版日期:2014-06-20 发布日期:2014-06-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:渠涛(1980-),男,山东枣庄人,博士,讲师,主要从事城市与区域发展方面的研究。E-mail:qutao2050@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后基金项目(2013M541121;2012M520396);山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2012DQ004)资助

City Spatial Structure Evolution Affected by Special Events in Different Historical Periods:A Case Study of Tianjin

Tao QU1,2(), Li-qian ZHANG3(), Zhan-yun WU1   

  1. 1.Institute for Urban and Environmental Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,Beijing 100005,China
    2.Shandong University of Finance and Economics,Research Institute of Regional Economy,Jinan, Shandong 250014,China
    3.Institure of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China
  • Received:2013-06-05 Revised:2013-12-10 Online:2014-06-20 Published:2014-06-10

摘要:

通过构建“不同历史时期特殊事件-城市空间结构”研究模式,以天津市为案例,把影响城市空间发展的要素与城市空间结构有机结合起来,解释城市空间结构演变的动力机制。以特殊事件为切入点,首先把影响天津城市空间演变的特殊事件分为七大要素:突发事件、经济政策、城市方针、城市规划、基础设施建设、土地制度和住房制度,这些要素决定了天津城市的经济发展、产业构成、城市发展规模、城市布局、空间发展走向以及城市土地利用效率和住宅类型与分布;然后通过分析各要素里的重大事件对天津城市空间演变的影响,找出各重大事件在天津城市空间结构演变中所扮演的角色,以期达到二者有机的统一。最后在此基础上,对未来天津城市空间结构的发展做了预测。

关键词: 事件, 影响, 城市空间结构, 天津

Abstract:

Urban spatial structure is a hot topic in the urban geography and urban economy research. Theoretically, the evolution and mechanism of the urban spatial structure is affected by multiple factors, such as competition, rental, governor and relations of production, et al. Chinese scholars usually focus on the single factor influence in the urban spatial structure evolution and mechanism studies, and the connection between the factors and spatial has been ignored. Thus, according to reconstructing the model of “special events”, logically combining the urban spatial structure and factors affecting the urban development to understand the dynamic mechanism of the spatial structure evolution of Tianjin City in this article. Special event is the breakthrough point. Firstly, classifying the special events in different historical periods of spatial evolution in Tianjin into seven factors: spatial event, economy policy, urban development policy, urban planning, infrastructure, land system and housing system. They decide the economic development, industrial structure, urban development scale, urban distribution, spatial development trend, land use efficiency and house estate type and distribution, respectively. Secondly, according to the analyze the influence of special event in different historical periods to Tianjin spatial evolution in each factor, figured out the role of special events in the Tianjin spatial structure evolution. Finally, the development of Tianjin spatial structure in the future was predicted.

Key words: special events in different historical periods, affect, urban spatial structure, Tianjin

中图分类号: 

  • TU982.2