地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 696-704.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.06.696

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城市土地集约利用内部协调性的时空演变——以武汉市中心城区为例

范辉1,2(), 刘卫东1(), 吴泽斌3   

  1. 1.浙江大学 土地科学与不动产研究所,浙江 杭州310029
    2.信阳师范学院 城市与环境科学学院,河南 信阳 464000
    3.江西理工大学 经济管理学院,江西 赣州 341000
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-10 修回日期:2013-09-24 出版日期:2014-06-20 发布日期:2015-06-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:范辉(1979-),男,河南郸城人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为土地资源经济学。E-mail:fanhuie2002@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国土资源部试点武汉城市土地节约集约利用课题(526003-F01204)、教育部人文社科青年基金项目(12YJC630237)和浙江省农业资源区划研究课题(NQ2013-15)资助

Spatio-temperal Characteristics of Internal Coordination of Intensive Urban Land Use:A Case Study of the Downtown of Wuhan

Hui FAN1,2(), Wei-dong LIU1(), Ze-bin WU3   

  1. 1.Institute of Land Science and Real Estate, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310029, China
    2.College of Urban and Environmental Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, Henan 464000, China
    3.School of Economics and Management, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, Jiangxi 341000, China
  • Received:2013-06-10 Revised:2013-09-24 Online:2014-06-20 Published:2015-06-10

摘要:

借鉴系统科学中的结构-功能关系理论,构建了城市土地集约利用评价指标体系,研究了1996~2011年武汉市中心城区土地集约利用内部协调性的时空演变,探索了土地结构、土地功能对土地集约利用水平的影响。研究结果表明:① 武汉市中心城区土地结构与土地功能之间的协调性逐渐增强,但是土地功能一直滞后于土地结构,阻碍了土地集约利用水平的提高。② 土地利用目标与土地利用强度之间的协调性逐渐提高。在研究前期,土地利用目标超前于土地利用强度,而在研究后期,两者的关系则相反。土地利用静态结构与土地利用动态变化之间的协调性比较稳定。两者之间的相对发展速度却起伏不定。③ 土地集约利用水平与土地结构之间的局部协调性逐渐上升,且所处的协调发展阶段也不断提高。而土地集约利用水平与土地功能之间的局部协调性也稳步上升,但所处的协调发展阶段却没有明显变化。④ 武汉市中心城区土地集约利用水平逐步提高,尤其在研究后期提高的速度变大。⑤ 土地集约利用水平与土地结构-土地功能之间的协调性有显著的正相关关系,且前者对后者的影响很大。土地结构、土地功能对土地结构-土地功能之间的协调性均有显著的正相关关系,且土地结构对协调性的影响小于土地功能。

关键词: 城市土地, 集约利用, 协调发展度, 结构-功能关系, 武汉市

Abstract:

According to the structure-function relationship theory of system science, we established a evaluation index system of intensive urban land use, and analyzed the internal coordination characteristics of land intensive use of Wuhan downtown from 1996 to 2011. This article also investigated the influences of land use structure and land use function on the level of land intensive use. The results show that: 1) The coordination between land use structure and land use function in the downtown of Wuhan is gradually enhanced, but the land use function has been lagging behind the land use structure, which hinders the enhancement of the level of land intensive use. 2) The coordination between land use target and land use intensity gradually increases. At the previous stage of this study, the land use target was ahead of the land use intensity. At the later study period, the relationship between them is opposite. The coordination between land use static structure and land use dynamic change is relatively stable, but the speed of relative development between them fluctuated. 3) The local coordination between the level of land intensive use and land use structure gradually increases. Besides, the stages of coordination development also improve moderately. The local coordination between the level of land intensive use and land use function improves continually, while the stages of coordination development have no significant change. 4) The level of land intensive use in the downtown of Wuhan gradually increases, and it increases faster especially in the latter half study period. 5) There exists remarkable positive correlation between the level of urban land intensive use and the land use structure-function coordination, and the former has great influence on the latter. Both land use structure and land use function have strong positive correlations with the land use structure-function coordination, and the effect of land use structure on the coordination is less than that of land use function.

Key words: urban land, intensive use, coordination development degree, structure-function relationship, Wuhan City

中图分类号: 

  • F302.2