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### 中国经济技术开发区效率测度及时空分异研究

1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241003
• 收稿日期:2013-05-23 修回日期:2013-12-16 出版日期:2014-07-10 发布日期:2014-07-10
• 作者简介:

作者简介：蔡善柱(1962-),男,安徽肥东人,副教授,硕士生导师,博士研究生,主要从事城市地理与城市经济研究。E-mail:ahcsz@aliyun.com

• 基金资助:
国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)资助

### Efficiency Measurement and Spatio-temporal Differentiation of Economic and Technological Development Zones in China

Shan-zhu CAI(), Lin LU()

1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241003, China
• Received:2013-05-23 Revised:2013-12-16 Online:2014-07-10 Published:2014-07-10

Abstract:

Economic and Technological Development Zones are the growth pole of China’s urban economic development. Therefore the study of the development efficiency of these zones is very essential to optimize resource allocations, to promote the transformation and upgrading of Economic and Technological Development Zones and to contribute to a sustainable development. Using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist index, this article uses the total amount of foreign capital actually utilized and total import volume as input indicators, GDP and the total export volume as output indicators to calculate. the overall efficiency and total-factor productivity (TFP) index of China’s 41 state-level Economic-Technological Development Zones, from 2001 to 2010, are and analyzed their spatio temporal differentiation. The results suggest: 1) the average overall efficiency is generally on the low level, with an “M” trend. 2) Overall-development efficiency has an obvious regional differentiation with the highest in the west, and the lowest in the central regions. 3)The average annual growth rate of TFP is 1.025, which suggests that the overall production efficiency is ameliorating annually with a slow rate. 4) The growth rate of TFP is the highest in the east, and the lowest in central regions. The Zones with higher overall efficiency have relatively lower TFP growth rate. 5) In order to raise the sustainable development capacity of the development zones, we should offer respective guidance and reasonable regulation to zones with both low GDP growth rate and low TFP growth rate. Therefore, in order to strengthen the ability of resource allocation and integrated management, as well as to promote the transformation and upgrading of Economic and Technological Development Zones and sustainable development, we suggest as follows: 1) investment in human capital and innovation platforms should be increased and contributions of technological innovations be augmented to the overall efficiency of these zones, 2) the eastern region should gradually reduce their Economic and Technological Development Zones’ reliance on foreign capital and importation; instead, increase the overall efficiency, and this region should steer towards attracting both foreign and domestic capital and a co-development of export and domestic sales. 3) as for zones with high GDP growth rate and high TFP growth rate, it is necessary to further optimize resource allocations and reasonable utilization, so as to keep a rapid and sustainable development; zones with both low GDP growth rate and low TFP rate should on the other hand strengthen inspections on internal resource allocations and reasonable utilization, find out what the problem is and learn from other more advanced zones, to gradually improve overall management; 4) institutional innovations and innovative mechanisms should be reinforced, theses zones’ management skills to raised achieve all-around improvement in development efficiency; 5) influencing factors of Economic and Technological Development Zones’ development efficiency and unusual samples should be studied in future researches.

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