地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (7): 803-809.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.07.803

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区域公共服务设施优化配置方法研究——以大连市甘井子区兴华街道小学配置为例

韩增林1(), 杜鹏1,2, 王利1,2, 于洋2,3, 赵东霞2, 丛迎雪2, 任启龙2   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁大连 116029
    2.辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,辽宁大连 116029
    3.大连市教育局,辽宁大连 116021
  • 收稿日期:2013-02-01 修回日期:2013-09-26 出版日期:2014-07-10 发布日期:2014-07-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:韩增林(1956-),男,山东商河人,教授,博士,博士生导师,主要从事区域发展规划、交通运输地理及海洋经济地理等研究。E-mail:hzl@lnnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划(2008BAH31B06);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重点项目(10JJD790014)资助

Zeng-lin HAN1(), Peng DU1,2, Li WANG1,2, Yang YU2,3, Dong-xia ZHAO2, Ying-xue CONG2, Qi-long REN2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environment, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning 116029, China
    2. Research Center for Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning 116029, China
    3. Dalian Education Bureau, Dalian, Liaoning 116021, China
  • Received:2013-02-01 Revised:2013-09-26 Online:2014-07-10 Published:2014-07-10

摘要:

利用GIS网络分析技术可真实模拟可达性,实现设施优化布局。以大连市甘井子区兴华街道小学配置为例研究,在借鉴以往研究成果基础上,结合公安部门统计数据,通过实地调研,兼顾流动人口,利用GIS技术构建网络分析数据集,采用最小化阻抗模型和最大化覆盖范围模型比较研究,确定研究区小学配置方案。结论表明,基于最大覆盖范围原则的小学选址更合理。保持区域原有的兴华小学、松江路小学、千山路小学、华中小学和芙蓉小学5 所小学在原区位继续运行,在2 号和45号点位再配置2所小学,较为合理。

关键词: 网络优化, 小学配置, 流动人口, 全域城市化, 大连市

Abstract:

Accessibility is truly simulated with the application of GIS network analytic technique to put into reality optimum allocation of infrastructure. Based on lessons drawn from former research findings, given full-scale urban development strategy of Dalian, distribution of primary schools of Xinghua Street in Ganjingzi District of Dalian City is studied as an example. By abstraction of data on residential areas and schools from high-resolution remote sensing images in the year 2012, combined with on-the-spot investigation, research and statistical data from Public Security Bureau, with migrant population taken into account, meanwhile, database of school-age population and school is established. By comparative study of minimum impedance model with some arithmetic application of such influence factors as lag time multiplied by velocity or time (sensu lato) and maximum coverage domain model with appropriate modifications involving the largest number of points in maximum service diameter and some demand points within coverage domain, an allocation schema for primary schools in studied district is identified, which is done in both small and steady stages over a period of time, rather than suddenly. The conclusion demonstrates these main points as follows : 1) The distribution of primary schools is not located well enough for the moment, and it should be improved to a much more advantageous situation with much more professional attention paid to technical analysis. 2) Primary school location based on the principle of maximum coverage is more reasonable, which presents a striking contrast between different ones. 3) It is advised that Xinghua Primary School, Songjianglu Primary School, Qianshanlu Primary School, Huazhong Primary School and Furong Primary School should be located in the original spots. 4) It is relatively reasonable to allocate 2 primary schools in No.2 and No.45 spots.

Key words: network optimization, primary school allocation, floating population, panoramic urbanization, Dalian

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9