地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (7): 818-824.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.07.818

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内蒙古县域经济空间格局演化研究

王芳1,2(), 高晓路1()   

  1. 1.中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-24 修回日期:2013-09-15 出版日期:2014-07-10 发布日期:2014-07-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王 芳(1987-),女,内蒙古呼和浩特人,博士研究生,主要从事区域可持续发展和城市地理研究。E-mail:wangf741@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点部署项目(KZZD-EW-06)、 国家自然科学基金(41171138)资助

Spatial Pattern Evolvement of the Economy in Inner Mongolia at the County Level

Fang WANG1,2(), Xiao-lu GAO1()   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-01-24 Revised:2013-09-15 Online:2014-07-10 Published:2014-07-10

摘要:

采用ESDA的方法,运用ArcGIS10.0和GeoDa095i软件,选取1980年、1990年、2000年和2010年4个时间断面分析了自改革开放以来内蒙古县域经济空间格局演化的过程。结果表明:① 改革开放以来,内蒙古县域经济空间格局和经济增长空间格局都发生了巨大的变化,其热点区都由蒙东地区跃迁到蒙中和蒙西地区,蒙中“金三角”地区代替蒙东成为内蒙古经济发展的增长极,蒙东地区则变为经济冷点区。② 县域经济空间格局和经济增长空间格局都有明显的空间自相关性,且经济空间格局的空间自相关性越来越大。③ 内蒙古县域经济形成了经济水平相似(热点区、冷点区)的集中连片区,内蒙古东 、中、西部的经济差异越来越大。影响内蒙古县域经济空间格局演化的因素可以可分资源、历史文化、区位等内部基础性因素,以及市场、政策等外部驱动型因素。

关键词: 内蒙古, ESDA, 区域经济差异, 空间格局

Abstract:

Regional economic disparity is a universal phenomenon in regional economic development. To some extent the gap may promote reasonable competition among regions, but if the regional economic difference is too large, it may cause disorder and social unrest. Endowed with a special location, natural resources and ethnic composition, Inner Mongolia’s economic development plays a significant role in the socio-economic development and prosperity of the whole region as well as of the country. It has gained tremendous economic development in recent years, the economic growth rate ranked first for 9 consecutive years in China since 2002. However, few studies have been made about Inner Mongolia, especially on the spatial pattern of economic development and growth rate at tiny spatial scales. This article analyzed the regional economic disparities of Inner Mongolia at the county level with panel data from 1980 to 2010 with exploratory spatial data analysis methods, of Moran’s I and Getis-Ord G*i, whereby the significance of spatial interactions and geographical location was investigated. With the application of ArcGIS10.0 and GeoDa095i, the spatial patterns of per capita GDP and economic growth rate of counties over the 30 years were analyzed. It was found that: 1) The overall spatial patterns of economic development level and growth speed of Inner Mongolia at the county level have tremendously changed. The hot spots moved from eastern regions to central and western regions. The golden triangle region composed by Hohhot, Baotou, and Ordos has become the economic growth pole of Inner Mongolia. 2) Both the economic development level and the growth rate exhibited significant spatial autocorrelation. While that of the former has become increasingly obvious, that of the latter has increased and then decreased. It revealed that the accumulating of the economic growth rate was slowing down. 3) The development of Inner Mongolia in recent years has fortified the differentiation of three discontinuous economic blocks: the eastern block was less developed, and the western and central blocks became developed. As a result, the regional economic disparities enlarged between the three blocks. The article also analyzed the influencing factors of the evolvement, from perspectives of internal conditions including resources, history and culture, location, and external driving forces such as market and policies.

Key words: Inner Mongolia, ESDA, regional economic disparities, spatial pattern

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9