地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (7): 825-830.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.07.825

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吉林省粮食大县经济发展差异及成因分析

杨朝丹1,2(), 姜会明1, 王寒冰3   

  1. 1.吉林农业大学经济管理学院,吉林 长春 130118
    2.长春科技学院,吉林 长春 130600
    3.吉林省产品质量监督检验院,吉林 长春 130012
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-25 修回日期:2013-10-26 出版日期:2014-07-10 发布日期:2014-07-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨朝丹(1981-),女,吉林集安人,讲师,博士研究生,主要从事农业经济理论与政策研究。E-mail:ycd-yang@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41071086)资助

Economic Development of Major Grain-producing Counties in Jilin Province

Chao-dan YANG1,2(), Hui-ming JIANG1, Han-bing WANG3   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin 130118, China
    2. Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun, Jilin 130600, China
    3. Jilin Province Product Quality Supervision Test Institute, Changchun, Jilin 130012, China
  • Received:2013-06-25 Revised:2013-10-26 Online:2014-07-10 Published:2014-07-10

摘要:

利用2007年和2012年吉林省粮食大县县域的相关数据,采用因子分析法分别对吉林省粮食大县的县域经济发展进行评价,结果表明粮食大县县域经济空间格局发生变化,中等发达县域比重减少,而欠发达县域比重增加;而且各类型县域之间经济发展水平差距不断拉大,发达县域人均GDP高于吉林省平均水平,而中等发达县域和欠发达县域远落后于吉林省平均水平。导致差距存在的主要因素是工业化程度、资源禀赋条件、区位因素以及政策因素,据此提出相应的对策建议。

关键词: 粮食大县, 县域经济, 空间差异

Abstract:

Major grain-producing counties have made outstanding contributions to ensure Chinese food security, but the economy overall fell behind. The article used the factor analysis method based on the data of 2007 and 2012 to evaluate the economic development of 12 major grain-producing counties in Jilin Province. The results show that spatial pattern of economic development in major grain-producing counties had changed: 1) though the proportion of the developed county was 16.67% in 2012, remaining the same as 2007, that of medium developed county reduces to 25.08%, and that of the less developed county increased to 58.33%. The overall level of major grain-producing counties is backward. 2) Contrast to that in 2007, the economic development of major grain-producing counties improved, but the gaps among the developed, medium developed and less developed counties county were widening. Per Capita GDP of first one was higher 5 555 yuan than the average level in Jilin Province in 2012, but the others were far behind the average. The gap between developed counties and less developed counties of Per Capita GDP increases from 7 455 yuan in 2007 to 9 910 yuan in 2012. 3) The reasons of widening the gap include on the degree of industrialization, agricultural resources endowment, the location factor and the policy factor. Degree of industrialization is the core motivation to intensify the gap between the counties. The difference of the resources endowment is the objective factor to widen the gap between the counties, the location factor is the main factor to add the gap between the counties and the policy factor is an important factor to promote the development of county economy.

Key words: major grain-producing county, county economy, spatial variance

中图分类号: 

  • F061.5