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### 农户活动空间选择的影响因素及其收入效应——河南省农户调查与实证

1. 河南财经政法大学中原经济区“三化”协调发展河南省协同创新中心,河南 郑州 450046
• 收稿日期:2013-06-30 修回日期:2014-03-20 出版日期:2014-08-10 发布日期:2014-08-10
• 作者简介:

作者简介：樊新生（1977-）,男,河南卫辉人,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为农户活动与农区发展。E-mail:f_xsh@163.com

• 基金资助:
国家自然科学基金项目（41201177,41271192,41201131）、2010年河南省高校青年骨干教师资助项目（94）资助

### Factors Influencing the Rural Households′ Choice of Activity Space Strategy and the Income Effect: A Case Study on the Survey of Rural Households in Henan Province in China

Xin-sheng FAN, Xiao-jian LI, Geng-he GAO, Qing LUO

1. Henan Three ‘New-types’ Coordinated Development Center, Henan University of Economics and Law,Zhengzhou, Henan 450046, China f_xsh@163.com
• Received:2013-06-30 Revised:2014-03-20 Online:2014-08-10 Published:2014-08-10

Abstract:

The activity spaces for labor forces of rural households are divided into four categories in this article: Locality, village, region and nation. Locality activity space is confined to rural households own farm. Village activity space consists of various stakeholders located in one village including all of the rural households, factories and natural resources. Region activity space is defined as the area within a 30 km radius of one village. The rest is Nation activity space. Rural households always make a living in one or more activity spaces. Activity space strategy of rural households are analyzed according to sample survey from Henan Province. Tthe mechanism and degree of influence that family characteristics and geographical conditions exerting on activity strategy choice of rural households are explored by using a Multinomial Logistic Regression model with activity space strategy as the independent variable and location (distance from the nearest city), education level, quantity of labor force, per farmland, accessibility, economic development level of town as the dependent variables. The results are as follows: 1) Rural households tend to allocate their labor forces to different activity spaces and choice diversifying activity space strategy. In general, with making a living in locality space, rural households always get cash income from one or more activity spaces among village, region and nation spaces at the same time. But in most cases only one activity space plays a major role in rural households’ cash income. Compared to other activity spaces, average wages in nation activity space are highest. So the rural households involving in nation activity space always rank among the high-income class compared to others. The self-employed rural households always get high income too, but their activity spaces are confined to locality and region spaces. 2) The quantity of labor force affects space strategy choice of rural households significantly. The more labor forces rural households, the higher probability of diversifying activity space strategy. 3) Because jobs engaged in by labor force of rural households are characterized by "dirty, danger and hard", high education level is not important for these jobs. Statistically there is significant linkage between activity strategy choice and middle education level(primary schools and the junior middle schools). 4) Because of small farm size, farming output value has little contribution to rural households income growth, so farm size dosen′t play a major role in decision-making.5) Good spatial accessibility of transportation facilities can promote more economic activities in Region activity space. 6) As a whole, economic development level of most sample towns is low and has no distinctive effect on activity space strategy choice of rural households. 7) "Location" affects activity space strategy choice of rural households significantly. The rural households close to city can get jobs or self-employment chances in region and locality space easily.

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